Kin: Personalities Flashcards Preview

Psychology 120 > Kin: Personalities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kin: Personalities Deck (18):
1

Define personality

The overall organization of our psychological characteristics – thinking, feeling, and behaving – that differentiates us from others and leads us to act consistently across time and situations

2

What are some approaches to the study of personality? (3)

Biological theories, trait theories, and interactionist theories

3

What are biological theories?

Link personality with biological processes.

4

What is William Sheldon's Constitutional Theory?

Different body types = different personalities

5

Extomorph

tall and lean = cerebrotonia: tense, introverted, socially restrained

6

Endomorph

plump and round = viscerotonia: affectionalte, socialable

7

Mesomorph

Athletic = somatotonic: adventurous, aggressive, risk-taker

8

Personality traits

Relatively stable, highly consistent internal attributes

9

What are Han Eysenck's personality traits?

Psychoticism- superego
Extroversion- interversion
Neurotocism-stability

10

Psychoticism- superego

Hormonal function (androgen, testosterone, low serotonin) leads to heightened aggressiveness, impersonal attitudes, and antisocial/inhibited behaviour

11

Extroversion-introversion

Base level arousal in cortex dictates whether or not individuals avoid further stimulation (introverts) or seek out further stimulation (extroverts)

12

Neurotocism-stability

High neurotic individuals (enduring negative emotional states) have longer-lasting autonomic reactions than low neurotic individuals

13

What are the big 5 trait theories?

Openness to experience, conscientiousness, etraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism

14

What is risk taking and attention seeking associated with?

extroversion and conscientiousness

15

What is competitiveness important for

elite athletes

16

What does maladaptive mean?

self critical/ perfectionism

17

What is mental toughness associated with?

success

18

What is exercise behaviour associated with?

extraversion and conscientiousness
Extroverts want to be seen exercising, desire a busy gym setting; conscientiousness people are determined and self-disciplined, they would be very structured in planning physical activity