Flashcards in Kin: Personalities Deck (18):
The overall organization of our psychological characteristics – thinking, feeling, and behaving – that differentiates us from others and leads us to act consistently across time and situations
What are some approaches to the study of personality? (3)
Biological theories, trait theories, and interactionist theories
What are biological theories?
Link personality with biological processes.
What is William Sheldon's Constitutional Theory?
Different body types = different personalities
tall and lean = cerebrotonia: tense, introverted, socially restrained
plump and round = viscerotonia: affectionalte, socialable
Athletic = somatotonic: adventurous, aggressive, risk-taker
Relatively stable, highly consistent internal attributes
What are Han Eysenck's personality traits?
Hormonal function (androgen, testosterone, low serotonin) leads to heightened aggressiveness, impersonal attitudes, and antisocial/inhibited behaviour
Base level arousal in cortex dictates whether or not individuals avoid further stimulation (introverts) or seek out further stimulation (extroverts)
High neurotic individuals (enduring negative emotional states) have longer-lasting autonomic reactions than low neurotic individuals
What are the big 5 trait theories?
Openness to experience, conscientiousness, etraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism
What is risk taking and attention seeking associated with?
extroversion and conscientiousness
What is competitiveness important for
What does maladaptive mean?
self critical/ perfectionism
What is mental toughness associated with?