Flashcards in Kin: Social psychology Deck (31):
What is social psychology?
How people influence each other and how other factors influence social behaviour. Empirically-based.
What do theories in social psychology do?
explain social behaviour, organize and research findings, and focus and direct research
What are the general theories of social psychology?
Psychoanalytic theory, behavioural theory, and cognitive theory
What is psychoanalytic theory focused on?
transformation of man from biological being to socialized being through internal and unconscious states.
What is behavioural theory focused on?
How behaviour is acquired and emitted (nurture)
Who is involve in behaviour theory?
Skinner (mice) and Pavlov
What is cognitive theory?
Social computer that thinks. Relies on verbal behaviour, conscious experience, and environmental factors
What is gestalt psychology?
How we perceive environment influences our behaviour
What are some examples of behavioural theory?
self-efficacy and attribution theory
What are benefits to lab studies?
efficient, easy to consent
What are cons to lab studies?
artificial and not random
What are benefits to field studies?
observe real behviour
What are some cons to field studies?
hard to get informed consent
What are experimental studies?
cause and effect studies
What are non-experimental studies
Who is Norman triplett and what did he do?
Social Facilitation Theory, bike riders perform better in groups.
What did Muzafer Cave Study prove?
Intergroup conflict can trigger competition, predjudice, and discrimination
What is social influence?
Real or imagined pressure to change one's behaviour, attitudes, or beliefs (can be positive or negative)
What are 5 sources of power
legitimate, expert, reward, coercive, referent
based on ones claim to a position/role that gives them power over you (boss)
Assumptions that the power-holder has superior ability
having control over rewards given to individuals
ability to threaten/punish those who don't comply with your demands
Based on identification with, attraction to, or respect for
What are 5 types of social support?
Instrumental, emotional, companionship, informational, validation
expression of encouragement, empathy, etc.
direction, advice, suggestions, feedback
people distract from negative feelings
Comparing oneself with others to confirm that what they are going through is normal