L13 Keeping Healthy Flashcards Preview

MBBS I CPRS > L13 Keeping Healthy > Flashcards

Flashcards in L13 Keeping Healthy Deck (29):
1

What is health education?

Strategies for promoting the most effective ways of TEACHING healthy living via effective communication

2

What is Health Promotion?

Process of enabling/ helping people to increase/ exert control and improve their health

3

Give two examples of health promotion

Cervical cancer screening and organ donation

4

What is health discourses?

Powerful persuaders to achieve many professional, governmental and commercial ends

5

What is an example of health discourses?

Label prepackaged food to force out food that claims to be health but is in fact unhealthy

6

What are the 4 key commitments for health promotion?

1. Central to global government agenda
2. Core responsibility for all of government (ensure that structures and systems are in place)
3. A key focus of communities and civil society
4. A requirement for good corporate practice

7

What harmful effects need to be addressed for global governance of health?

1) Trade 
2)Products (e.g. plastic bottles cause environmental impact  > health impact, but the manufacturers are not responsible for the damage > externalities) 3) Services 
4) Marketing strategies

8

HP must become an integral part of?

1) Domestic and foreign policy 
2) International relations, including in situations of war and conflict (e.g. in Afghanistan for minerals, in Iran for oil)

9

Empowerment is a key component of health promotion. What is it ?

= process of giving people power over their own lives, particularly in relation to health choices

10

What does empowerment require?

Knowledge, information, etc. > informed choice

11

Give an example where knowledge has failed to achieve empowerment?

Health warnings on cigarettes help warn people of smoking risks (e.g. health impact), but people still smoke

12

What is the alternative requirement of empowerment apart from knowledge?

Legislation

13

Give two examples of legislation

Seat belt legislation Tobacco sales legislation

14

What are the other 4 components of Health promotion apart from empowerment?

Opportunities
State policies
Legislation
Resources

15

How does opportunity contribute to health promotion?

Make alternative accessible so people can make informed choices

e.g. alternatives with different feasibility and affordability

16

What is an alternative to healthy lifestyle approach to health promotion?

Community developed approach

17

What is good about community development approach to health promotion?

User-defined, initiated and benefiting

18

Give an example of government policy in action?

Control overuse of antibiotics

19

Which of all the components of HP is most important in modern history?

Legislation

20

Give some examples of legislation in action.

Food, tobacco, water regulation and control
Air pollution standards

21

Why is adequate resources a part of health promotion?

Used for health promotion activities

22

Which two charters have been signed for health promotion?

Ottawa and Bangkok charter

23

What are some objectives of the Ottawa Charter?

Build healthy public policy
Strengthen community action
Develop personal health skills
Recognise importance and motivation for health

24

What are some objectives of the Bangkok charter? (AIBRP)

Advocate health based on human rights

Invest in policies, actions to address determinants of health

Build capacity for policy development, HP practice and research

Regulate and legislate for protection and equal opportunity for health

Partner and build alliances to create sustainable actions

25

Goals of health promotion approaches: 2.

Improve choice and encourage community to opt for healthier choices

Compress morbidity and mortality (avoidable, premature, disability)

26

What is the result of the goals of HP?

Health to become resource for life not barrier to life

27

How can doctors keep others healthy?

Empowerment at the individual and community level through individual patient care (not only policy and community action)

28

How else can doctors practice health promotion?

Prevention rather than cure is key

29

How to keep yourself healthy?

Go vegetarian
Ensure enough exercise and good diet
No smoking
Control day to day actions
Optimism and social life

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