L53 -- Bad health habits Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L53 -- Bad health habits Deck (47):
1

2 main factors that predicting the likelihood of a preventive / health behaviour will occur?

Cognitive factor

Situation factor

(+demographic factors)

2

What are 2 cues to action (stimuli that trigger appropriate health behavior)?

Internal stimuli: perception of bodily states (e.g. aching)

External stimuli: Stimuli from environment, usually Fear in response to education / information (e.g. cigarette packages)

3

What is vulnerability?

perceived threat to an illness

4

What is perceived susceptibility?

individual’s belief about whether he / she is likely to contract an illness

5

What is perceived severity?

degree to which an individual perceives the consequences of having an illness to be severe (e.g. fatality, disability)

6

How does Hopelessness, helplessness (esp lower socioeconomic class) impact the way an individual regard their health?

Lower Perceived control >> regard their health as Not controllable by themselves

7

What kind of individual is easy to motivate to have good health habits? (think perceived control)

Individuals that regard their health as controlled by them

8

What is self-efficacy?

individual’s estimate of his / her ability to successfully modify / carry out the desired
behavior

9

How does optimistic bias occur, leading to unrealistic optimism?

Individuals engage in forms of social comparison that reflect best on themselves

10

Define Health motivation?

individual's readiness to be concerned about health matters

11

What behavior is guided by incentives?

behaviour that is highly governed by its consequences

12

What belief is response effectiveness?

belief that adopting a new behaviour will reduce the threat

13

What two factors balance each other and influence response effectiveness?

Perceived benefits and perceived cost of changing one's behavior

>> change the belief that health behavior can reduce threat

14

What are some factors assciated as optimistic bias? (think of the ways a chronic smoker in denial of getting lung cancer)

- Lack of personal experience with problem

- Belief that own actions can prevent the problem

- Belief that the problem is unlikely to emerge given it hasnt

- Belief that problem is rare

15

How can subjective norms influence an individual's motivation to seek health behavior?

1. Perception of social norms
2. Pressures to perform a behavior
3. Whether the individual is motivated to comply with this pressure

16

Subjective norm is a powerful way to implement health behavior in what cultures?

Ones where pressure to conform to norm is high

Where group behavior is more prevalent

17

List some situational barriers that could stop a person from seeking health behavior?

Financial cost
Weather/ pollution

18

Are older or younger people more likely to adopt to health behavior?

 Older: more likely to adopt
 Younger: think no immediate threat

19

How does socioeconomic status and gender influence one's likelihood to adopt to health behavior?

Socioeconomic status: high = care less of cost to daily lifestyles

Gender: male = less likely to conform

20

What are the 2 theories under the cognition models for health behavior?

-Health belief model
-Protection Motivation theory

21

What 2 theories come under the social cognition models?

-Theory of reasoned action
-Theory of planned behavior

22

What is the limitation of the cognition models?

Focus only on individual

Neglect interaction between individual and environment

23

What is the limitation of the SOCIAL cognition models?

- Fail to take into account for habitual behaviours
- Intention may not predict actual behavior

24

What is another name for the Stages-of -change model?

transtheorectical model (TTM)

25

What framework does TTM provide?

Proposes a predictable, sequential pathway / framework for behavioral change over time

26

What are the 5 stages of change?

PC PAM

Pre-contemplation
Comtemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenance

27

What is the mental state in precontemplation?

No / little consideration of change

28

Tasks of pre-contemplation?

- Increase awareness for need for change

- Increase concern about current pattern

29

Goal for pre-contemplation?

Serious consideration of change of behavior

30

What is the mental state in Contemplation

Examine current pattern of behavior >> considering a
potential for change

"reward analysis"

31

Tasks of Contemplation

analyze pros, cons (consequences) of
changing

32

Goal for Contemplation

Serious consideration
of change for this
behaviour

33

What is the mental state in Preparation

Committing to:
 Make small changes
to behavioural pattern
 Develop a plan,
strategy for change

34

Tasks of Preparation

Increasing commitment and creating a plan (has to be concrete and set in time)

35

Goal for Preparation

Implement action plan
in the near term

36

What is the mental state in Action

Implement change plan:
 Take steps to change
current behaviour

 Begin to create /
actively engage in a
new behavioral pattern

37

Tasks of Action

Implement strategies for
change

Sustain commitment in
face of difficulties

38

Goal for Action

Successful action
to change current
pattern

Establish new
pattern for a
significant period
of time (e.g. 3-6
months)

39

What is the mental state in Maintenance

Sustain the new behavioural pattern for an extended period of time

>> consolidate into lifestyle

40

Tasks of Maintenance

Sustain change over
time and across a wide
range of different
situations

Avoiding slips and
relapse

41

Goal for Maintenance

 Sustain change of
the old pattern in the long-term
 Establish a new
pattern of behaviour

42

What happens if, in maintenance phase, the slips or relapse occurs?

 Termination; or
 Recycle back to
pre-contemplation

43

What factors influence pre-contemplation?

personal concerns,
environmental pressure,
motivation

44

What factors influence contemplation?

motivation,
decisional balance,
cognitive processes

45

What factors influence Preparation?

cognitive processes,
decision-making

46

What factors influence Action?

behavioural processes,
self-efficacy

47

What factors influence Maintenance?

behavioural processes,
self-efficacy

Decks in MBBS I CPRS Class (78):