L3 Flashcards Preview

PHC (Fall 2016) > L3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in L3 Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

Behavior

Overt actions to underlying psychological processes such as cognition, emotion, temperament, and motivation

2

Objective of behavior change approach

to bring changes to individual behavior through changes in individual's cognitions
-aims to increase individual's knowledge about the causes of health and illness
-assumes humans are rational decision makers

3

Disadv. Of Behavior Change Approach

-doesn't target major socio-economic causes of ill health
-top down approach; can be incompatible with community norms
-assumes direct link b/w knowledge, attitude, behavior
-assumes homogeneity among receivers of health promotion messages

4

Social cognition models

Predict performance of behaviors and provide guidance as to how to facilitate their uptake by manipulating relevant variables (such as beliefs, attitudes)

-change in belief --> change in behavior

5

Health Belief Model

Behavior is related to:
-subjective value of the outcome
-subjective probability or expectation that an action will achieve the outcome
-needs perceived susceptibility, severity of dz, threat of dz, cues to action, perceived benefits-barriers, and self-efficacy --> likelihood of taking action

6

Critiques of HBM

-focus on individual decisions
-not clear how all 6 HBM constructs operate in changing behavior

7

Theory of Reasoned Action***

-individual will perform some action X based on their ATTITUDE towards the behavior and the SUBJECTIVE NORM associated w/ the behavior
-there is a LINEAR CHAIN linking behavioral and normative beliefs to behavioral intention**
-nothing directly influences behavior besides intention**

8

TRA vs TPB

TPB adds the perceived behavioral control
-presence or absence of facilitators and barriers to performing the behavior

9

Critiques of TRA/TPB

-assumes behavior is output of rational, linear decision making
-lack of clarity
-time bw intent and action not considered

10

Criticisms of SCMs

-don't address joint-decision making**
-only concerned w/ cognitively mediated behaviors
-don't account for impulse/emotion
-assumes same variable informs different health behaviors and is relevant for diverse groups
-don't account for material, physical, and social factors

11

Model widely used for changing NEGATIVE behaviors

Transtheoretical model

12

10 processes of change in TTM

Consciousness raising
Dramatic relief
Env. Re-evaluation
Self reevaluation
Self-liberation
Helping relationships
Reinforcement management
Stimulus control
Count-conditioning
Social liberation