Lab 25 Mouth and Tongue Flashcards Preview

Block 6 > Lab 25 Mouth and Tongue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 25 Mouth and Tongue Deck (31):
1

deep depression at the midline point of the terminal sulcus

foramen cecum

2

There are 2 nerves between the hyoglossus and mylohyoid muscles, what are they and which one is more inferior?

hypoglossal is more inferior to lingual

3

v-shaped groove separating the root and body of the tongue

terminal sulcus

4

a singular, midline, thin sheet of mucosa between the inferior surface of the tongue and the floor of the oral cavity

frenulum of the tongue

5

What are the intrinsic muscles of the tongue?

superior and inferior longitudinal, transverse muscle, vertical muscle (of the tongue)

6

Deeper and just lateral to the styloglossus, identify _____.

glossopharyngeal nerve

7

On the medial side of the sublingual gland you will find the _____ _____ that you will follow anterior to its opening on the ____ ______. Then trace it posteriorly to find the deep part of the ______ _____.

submandibular duct

sublingual caruncle (papilla)

submandibular gland

8

anterior tip of tongue

apex

9

The deep part of the submandibular gland is found on the ______ surface of the _____ muscle.

deep (interior), mylohyoid

10

What is immediately deep to the mylohyoids?

geniohyoid muscles

11

What gland is immediately deep to the mucosa? (sublingual region)

sublingual gland, duh

12

Anterior 2/3 of tongue

body

13

The lingual nerve passes (medial/lateral), then (superior/inferior) then (medial/lateral) to the submandibular duct.

lateral, then inferior, then medial

14

posterior 1/3 of tongue

root

15

You will retract the tongue MEDIALLY and POSTERIORLY to identify 3 things. What are they?

frenulum of the tongue (sublingual frenulum)

sublingual fold

sublingual caruncle

16

fold of mucosa covering the sublingual gland

sublingual fold

17

A large fan-shaped muscle forming the bulk of the tongue is called what?

genioglossus

18

What muscle attaches between the lateral side of the root of the tongue and the hyoid bone (greater horn and body)?

hyoglossus

19

What is found within the carotid triangle and can be traced from the ECA medial to the hyoglossus muscle?

lingual artery

20

Genioglossus attaches anteriorly to the ____ _____ and then merges into the tongue, while geniohyoid is between the ____ and the _____. The mylohyoid is the most (superficial/deep) of these three.

mental spines

mandible and the hyoid

superficial

21

Near the 3rd mandibular molar tooth we will identify the _______ ganglion suspended below the ____ nerve.

submandibular ganglion suspended below the lingual nerve

22

What other nerve will we trace to the sublingual region? It passes between the deep part of the submandibular gland and the hyoglossus muscle.

hypoglossal nerve

23

Near the superior end of the hyoglossus on the lateral side of the root of the tongue identify ___.

styloglossus

24

What is primarily found on the dorsal body of the tongue?

lingual papillae

25

furrow running longitudinally along the dorsum of the body of the tongue

median sulcus

26

What is found on the dorsal surface of the root of the tongue? Where is this in relation to the terminal sulcus?

lingual tonsils, posterior

27

Between the median and lateral folds on the anterior surface of the epiglottis is the ______ _______.

epiglottic vallecula

28

contains the opening of the submandibular duct (aka the sublingual papilla)

sublingual caruncle

29

What branches from the lingual artery? At this branch the lingual artery changes its name to what?

sublingual artery, deep lingual artery

30

Posterior to the root of the tongue is the ______. On the anterior surface of _____ and extending toward the root of the tongue you will find 2 folds called what?

epiglottis, epiglottis

median glossoepiglottic fold
lateral glossoepiglottic fold

31

In the infratemporal fossa we will see a nerve and trace it to the sublingual region. What nerve?

lingual