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Flashcards in Lab Values Deck (120)
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1

what are the 3 reasons for performing lab testing

screening, diagnosis, monitoring

2

what is the norm for WBC

3.6-10.8 K/uL

3

what are WBC labs useful for

infection
neoplasm
allergy
immunosuppression

4

an increase in WBC=

(leukocytosis) infection, dehydration, stress, abscess, meningitis, appendicitis or tonsillitis

5

a decrease in WBC=

(leukopenia) drug toxicity, chemo, dietary deficiency, bone marrow depression, viral infection or toxic reaction

6

what are the 3 main stages of lab testing

screening
diagnosis
monitoring

7

why do you perform a screening

for evidence of disease

8

why do you give a diagnosis

helps detect the presence of a condition

9

why do you monitor labs

to correlate serum levels with patient responses

10

different additives in tubes can affect the lab result if...

not drawn up in the correct order

11

what are things that can affect lab values

age, gender, race, pregnancy

12

what are the most common drugs that affect lab testing

oxygen
NSAIDS
antibiotics
diuretics

13

BMP tests for

tests for heart failure

14

Hepatic function is for the

liver

15

D Dimer is for the

bleeding problems or clots

16

what are the labs for CBC

WBC, RBC, Indices, H& P, Plts, differential

17

# of red cells per cc/blood

RBC

18

O2 carrying protein

Hemoglobin

19

packed volume of RBCs, % of total volume

Hematocrit

20

MCV, MCH, MCHC all deal with

anemia

21

red cell distribution width

RDW

22

# of ptl. per cc/blood

platelet

23

# of white cells per cc/blood

WBC

24

what are the common indications for a CBC

infection, weakness or anemia, bleeding, fluid status

25

what is the normal lab value for HGB

12.0-16.0g

26

a protein in HGB give blood its

red color

27

HGB and Hct are

closely related

28

an increase in HGB=

congenital heart disease, COPD

29

a decrease in HGB=

anemia, hodgkin disease, renal disease

30

what is the normal lab values for Hct

37.0-47.0%