LAB13: Abdominal in situ: Reflect Anterior Abdominal Wall, Peritoneal Cavity & Abdominal Organs Flashcards Preview

Structures (ASV) > LAB13: Abdominal in situ: Reflect Anterior Abdominal Wall, Peritoneal Cavity & Abdominal Organs > Flashcards

Flashcards in LAB13: Abdominal in situ: Reflect Anterior Abdominal Wall, Peritoneal Cavity & Abdominal Organs Deck (84):
1

falciform ligament connects

surface of liver to anterior abdominal wall / stomach

2

falciform ligament's location

inner surface of abdomen; right upper quadrant flap

3

falciform ligament is a remnant of

umbilical vein; contains ligament teres, remnant of umbilical vein

4

falciform ligament is derived from

mesogastrium - ventral mesentery

5

3 folds of inner surface of lower abdominal wall

median umbilical fold, medial umbilical fold, lateral umbilical fold

6

peritoneum

serous membrane that secretes a small amount of fluid, lubricates movement of organs, in the abdominal and pelvic cavities

7

parietal peritoneum

lines inner surfaces of abdominal and pelvic walls

8

visceral peritoneum

covers surface of abdominal and pelvic organs

9

peritoneal cavity

a potential space, in between parietal and visceral peritoneums

subdivisions: greater sac, omental bursa/lesser sac

10

intraperitoneal (peritoneal) definition

organs that develop in peritoneal cavity, suspended from abdominal wall by a mesentery

11

name the intraperitoneal organs

stomach
first part of duodenum
jejunum
ileum
transverse colon
sigmoid colon
liver
spleen

12

retroperitoneal (extraperitoneal) definition

abdominal organs that develop behind the peritoneum, lie between parietal peritoneum and abdominal wall

13

name the retroperitoneal organs

kidneys, ureters, suprarenal glands, rectum

14

secondarily retroperitoneal definition

parts of GI tract that begin intraperitoneal organs in embryo, become attached to abdominal wall later in development

15

name the secondarily retroperitoneal organs

duodenum (2nd-4th parts), pancreas, ascending colon, descending colon

16

liver location (quadrant)

occupies right upper quadrant, extends across midline into left upper quadrant

17

liver superior border

inferior surface of diaphragm

18

subdivisions of liver

right and left lobes

19

gallbladder location (quadrant )

right upper quadrant

20

gallbladder location

tip of the right 9th costal cartilage in the midclavicular line

21

stomach location (quadrant)

left upper quadrant

22

what is the stomach continuous with?

esophagus proximally, duodenum distally

23

what partially covers the stomach's anterior surface?

the liver

24

spleen location (quadrant)

left upper quadrant

25

what is spleen posterior to

stomach

26

what is greater omentum attached to

greater curvature of the stomach and first part of the duodenum

27

where does small intestine begin

pyloric end of the stomach

28

what are the 3 parts of the small intestine

duodenum, jejunum, ileum

29

what part of the small intestine lies posterior to other parts of GI tract

duodenum

30

where are jejunum and ileum re: quadrant?

extend from left upper to right lower quadrant, but because of their length & mobility, occupy all 4 quadrants

31

where does large intestine begin

right lower quadrant, at ileocecal junction

32

6 parts of large intestine

cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum

33

cecum location

right lower quadrant

34

what connects to cecum's inferior end

appendix

35

ascending colon location

right lower quadrant to righ tupper quadrant

36

end of ascending colon is

right colic (hepatic) flexure

37

transverse colon location

right upper quadrant to left upper quadrant

38

end of transverse colon is the

left colin (splencnic) flexure

39

descending colon location

left upper quadrant to left lower quadrant

40

sigmoid colon location

left lower quadrant

41

where does sigmoid colon end

pelvic cavity, at level of S3

42

rectum location

in the pelvis

43

where does greater omentum lie

between intestines and anterior abdominal wall

44

where is lesser omentum

extends from lesser curvature of stomach and first part of duodenum to inferior surface of liver

45

celiac trunk of abdominal aorta supplies which organs

liver, gall bladder, inferior esophagus, stomach, pancrease, spleen, duodenum

46

hiatal hernia

protrusion of stomach into mediastinum through esophageal hiatus of diaphragm

47

narrowest part of the large intestine

descending colon (retroperitoneal)

48

lesser omentum location

from lesser curvature of the stomach and first part of the duodenum to inferior surface of the liver

49

lesser omentum 2 parts

hepatogastric ligament, hepatoduodenal ligament

50

hepatogastric ligament spans

from the liver to lesser curvature of the stomach

51

hepatoduodenal ligament spans

from liver to first part of the duodenum

52

omentum definition

double-layered extension of peritoneum passing from stomach and proximal part of duodenum to adjacent organs

greater and lesser

53

coronary ligament components

includes falciform ligament, left triangular ligament, right triangular ligament

54

left triangular ligament location

part of coronary ligament; connects left lobe of liver to diaphragm

55

right triangular ligament location

part of coronary ligament; connects right lobe of liver to diaphragm

56

gastrophrenic ligament location

connects superior part of greater curvature of stomach to diaphragm

57

gastrosplenic (gastrolienal) ligament location

greater curvature of stomach to spleen

58

coronary ligament location

attaches liver to diaphragm

59

splenorenal (lienorenal) ligament connects

spleen to body wall anterior to left kidney

60

transverse mesocolon attaches to what

anterior surface of duodenum and pancreas

61

phrenicocolic ligament location

left end of the transverse mesocolon

62

phrenicocolic ligament connects

left colic flexure to diaphragm

63

what does mesentery suspend

jejunum and ileum from posterior abdominal wall

64

where does root of mesentery attach

posterior abdominal wall, from left upper quadrant to right lower quadrant

65

what does mesoappendix attach

appendix to posterior abdominal wall

66

what does mesoappendix contain

appendicular artery

67

where is sigmoid mesocolon

lower left quadrant

68

what does sigmoid mesocolon suspend

sigmoid colon from posterior abdominal wall

69

where are peritoneal structures found

greater peritoneal sac

70

where is lesser peritoneal sac

posterior to stomach and lesser omentum

71

what is another name for lesser peritoneal sac

omental bursa

72

what does omental foramen connect

greater and lesser peritoneal sacs

73

where is omental foramen

posterior to hepatoduodenal ligament

74

what is another name for omental foramen

epiploic foramen

75

what are the 4 boundaries of the omental foramen

anterior- hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery proper, bile duct contained w/in hepatoduodenal ligament

posterior- inferior vena cava and right crus of diaphragm covered w/ parietal peritoneum

superior- caudate lobe of liver covered w/ visceral peritoneum

inferior- first part of duodenum covered w/ visceral peritoneum

76

what is within portal triad

hepatic artery proper, hepatic portal vein, bile duct

77

lowest part of lesser peritoneal sac

inferior recess

78

where does inferior recess extend

from lesser peritoneal sac's inferior edge, inferiorly as far as greater omentum

79

highest part of lesser peritoneal sac

superior recess

80

what is diaphragm posterior to

superior recess; which is posterior to caudate lobe of liver

81

where is pancreas

posterior to main part of lesser peritoneal sac

82

greater sac location

superiorly begins at diaphragm; continues inferiorly into pelvic cavity; it is entered once parietal peritoneum has been penetrated

83

greater omentum vessels contain what

right and left gastro-omental vessels - contain 2 arteries and 2 veins

84

where does hepatoduodenal ligament end laterally

as a free margin, serves as anterior border of omental foramen