Lab Questions Table Conf 2 Cont'd Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lab Questions Table Conf 2 Cont'd Deck (55):
1

early pain from appendicitis?

referred to T10, belly button

2

3 unpaired vessels of abdominal aorta?

celiac, SMA, IMA, median sacral

3

vertebral level of celiac trunk?

T12

4

vertebral level of SMA?

LI

5

vertebral level of IMA?

LIII

6

what do ventral branches of aorta tend to do?

supply gut, unpaired organs like liver

7

what do lateral branches of aorta tend to do?

supply specific paired organs, like kidneys

8

direct branches of abdominal aorta?

renals, medial suprarenals, inferior phrenics, testicular/ovarian, lumbars (1-4)

9

arteries that supply diaphragm?

superior and inferior phrenics, musculophrenic, pericardiacophrenic

10

inferior phrenics arise from?

abdominal aorta

11

superior phrenics arise from?

thoracic aorta

12

musculophrenic and pericardiacophrenic arise from?

internal thoracic artery

13

suprarenal glands supplied by?

superior, medial, inferior suprarenal arteries

14

hepatic v. portal vein?

portal: carries blood from all digestive organs into liver for filteringhepatic: carry blood away from liver into IVC for systemic circulation

15

what is "marginal" artery? where? clinical significance?

inside the Mesentery; connects vessels carrying blood to vasa recta; suppled by both SMA and IMA, so major collateral route

16

left renal vein function?

drains much of left part of abdomen, direct extension of IVC

17

why called "bare area" of liver?

no peritoneum, liver directly contacts diaphragm

18

what are coronary ligaments?

on "crown" of liver, connect to diaphragm

19

bile passage route?

bile made in liver > hepatic duct > common bile duct when joins cystic duct > duodenum or back through cystic duct to gall bladder for storage

20

IVC location re: portal vein?

dorsal

21

main tributaries of portal vein?

SMV, splenic vein

22

wehre woudl you feel biliary colic?

T7-9

23

hepato-portal system function

drains blood from digestive organs into liver for filtration before entering systemic circulation

24

superior mesenteric artery branches

inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery, intestinal arteries, ileocolic artery, right colic artery, middle colic artery

25

intestinal arteries supply?

jejunum, ileum

26

ileocolic artery supplies?

cecum

27

appendicular artery is branch of?

ileocolic artery, anastomoses also wit right colic artery

28

right colic artery supplies?

ascending colon

29

middle colic artery supplies?

transverse colon

30

superior mesenteric vein + splenic vein =

hepatic portal vein

31

what holds on to duodenum?

suspensory ligament of the duodenum, from right crus of diaphragm to duodenojejunal junction

32

where do ileum and cecum meet?

ileocecal junction

33

IMA is in what peritoneal plane?

retroperitoneal

34

IMA branches

left colic a., sigmoid a., superior rectal a.

35

left colic artery supplies

descending colon and left third of transverse colon

36

sigmoid arteries supply

sigmoid colon

37

superior rectal artery supplies

proximal part of rectum

38

inferior mesenteric vein branches correspond with

IMA branches

39

parts of large intestine

cecum (attaches appendix), colon (ascending, tv, descending, sigmoid), rectum, anal canal

40

appendix suspended in

mesoappendix

41

what is within mesoappendix

appendicular artery

42

sigmoid colon's mesentery

sigmoid mesocolon

43

3 features that distinguish large from small intestine

teniae coli, haustra, omental appedices/epiploic appendages

44

4 parts of duodenum

superior/1st (L1), descending/2nd (L2), horizontal/3rd (L3), ascending/4th (L2

45

ampulla of duodenum

duodenal cap/duodenal bulb

46

parts of pancreas

head, neck, body, tail

47

uncinate process

small projection from inferior margin of pancreas, posterior to mesenteric vessels

48

blood supply to pancreas

posterior and inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries, dorsal pancreatic artery, greater pancreatic artery, left gastro-omental artery

49

portal-caval anastomoses

gastroesophageal, anorectal, paraumbilical, retroperitoneal

50

portal hypertension

hepatic portal system's veins have no valves; when they become blocked, get portal hypertension, tributaries engorge, get hemmorhoids and varicose gastric/esophageal veins

51

internal features of stomach

gastric folds, pyloric antrum, canal, sphincter, orifice, ampulla of duodenum

52

major duodenal papilla

opening of main pancreatic duct and bile duct

53

minor duodenal papilla

draining of accessory pancreatic duct

54

what kinds of folds between haustra?

semilunar

55

clinical conditions caused by compromised portal circulation

esophageal varices, caput madusae, internal hemmorhoids