Larynx: Cartilages Flashcards Preview

Gross II Exam II > Larynx: Cartilages > Flashcards

Flashcards in Larynx: Cartilages Deck (29):
1

What are the cartilages that are associated with the larynx?

1) Thyroid Cartilage
2) Cricoid Cartilage
3) Epiglottic Cartilage
4) Arytenoid Cartilage
5) Corniculate Cartilage
6) Cuneiform Cartilage

2

What is the feature that is seen on the most superior, anterior aspect of the thyroid cartilage?

Superior Thyroid Notch

3

What is the area of the thyroid cartilage that is directly attached to the greater horn of the hyoid bone?

Superior Horn

4

What is the anterior-median elevation on the thyroid cartilage?

Laryngeal Prominence

5

What is the common name of the Laryngeal Prominence?

Adam's Apple

6

What is the name of the flat, broad area bilateral to the laryngeal prominence on the thyroid cartilage?

Lamina

7

what is the part of the thyroid cartilage that is is direct contact with the cricoid cartilage?

Inferior Horn

8

What is the part of the thyroid cartilage that serves as a direct muscle attachment?

Oblique line

9

What are the muscles that directly attach to the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage?

1) Inferior Constrictor
2) Sterothyroid
3) Thyrohyoid

10

Which if the two thyroid notches are less defined?

Inferior notch

11

Cricoid means...

ring

12

What is the general shape of the cricoid cartilage?

a singlet ring, wide in the back, skinny in the front

13

What is the most inferior of the laryngeal cartilages?

Cricoid cartilage

14

At what level does the cricoid cartilage lie?

C6

15

What is the narrow, anterior part of the cricoid cartilage?

Arch

16

What is the broad, posterior area of the cricoid cartilage?

Lamina

17

What is the spoon-like cartilage that lies behind the root of the hyoid bone?

Epiglottic Cartilage

18

Where is the lower end of the epiglottic cartilage attached?

The back (posterior aspect) of the laryngeal prominence of the thyroid cartilage

19

What is the piece of connective tissue that links the epiglottic cartilage of the thyroid cartilage?

Thyroepiglottic Ligament

20

What are the pyramidal shaped, paired cartilages that are articulated with the cricoid cartilage?

Arytenoid Carilages

21

What is the part of the arytenoid cartilages that gives the attachment site for the vocal ligament?

Vocal Process

22

What is the part of the arytenoid cartilage that gives the attachment site for the intrinsic muscles of the larynx?

Muscular Process

23

Which of the processes of the arytenoid cartilages projects anterior (forward)?

Vocal Process

24

Which process of the arytenoid cartilages projects posterior and lateral?

Muscular Process

25

Whcih of the "vocal cords" does the vocal process attach to?

Vocal Folds (true vocal cords)

26

What is the vocal ligament?

The actual vibrating part of the vocal folds

27

What are the cartilages which are suspended within the vocal fold and are vestigial of the embryological pharyngeal arches?

1) Corniculate Cartilage
2) Cuneiform Cartilage

28

Which of the "floating cartilages" are found within the apex of the corresponding arytenoid cartilage and are closed within the aryepiglottic folds?

Cornicuate Cartilage

29

Which of the "floating cartilages" is found in the aryepiglottic fold anterior to the corniculate cartilages?

Cuneiform Cartilage