Pericardium Flashcards Preview

Gross II Exam II > Pericardium > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pericardium Deck (22):
1

What is the fibrous sac the surrounds the heart and the roots the great vessels?

Pericardium

2

Which is the layer of the pericardium that is the strongest and most dense.

Fibrous Layer of Pericardium

3

The fibrous pericardium is continuous with what other major structure?

Central Tendon of the Diaphragm

4

What are the two variable fibrous strands that connect the pericardium to the posterior aspect of the sternum?

Sternopericadial Ligamnets

5

What are the two layers of the serous pericardium?

1) Parietal Layer
2) Visceral layer

6

What is the potential spaces between the two layers of the serous pericardium?

Pericardial Cavity

7

What fills the pericardial cavity?

Serous Fliud

8

Which layer of the serous pericardium is firmly adhered to the outer surface of the heart?

Visceral Layer

9

What lines the inner surface of the fibrous pericardium?

Parietal Layer of the serous pericardium

10

What is equivalent to the visceral layer of the serous pericardium?

Epicardium

11

What is composed of mainly of cardiac muscle fibers?

Myocardium

12

What is the smooth endothelium which lines the inside of the heart?

Endocardium

13

how many chambers are in the heart?

four (4)

14

What is the general location of the transverse pericardial sinus?

Posterior to the aorta and pulmonary trunk
Anterior to the superior vena cava and the left atrium

15

What is the general location of the oblique pericardial sinus?

Posterior to the heart
Surrounded by the left and right pulmonary veins and the inferior vena cava

16

What is the most important artery of the pericardium?

Pericadriacophranic Artery

17

What supplies only the visercal layer of the serous pericardium?

Coronary Arteries

18

Waht areteries gve blood supply to the pericardium?

1) Pericadiacophrenic Artery
2) Bronchial Artery
3) Esophageal Artery
4) Coronary Artery

19

Which nerve give sensory innervation to teh pericardium?

Phrenic Nerve

20

Which nerve gives vasomotor innervation to the pericardium?

Sympathetic Trunk

21

Which other nerve will give innervation to the pericadrium?

Vagus

22

The phrenic nerve passes where in relation to the pericardium?

Between the parietal pleura and the fibrous pericardium