Thoracic Wall: Sternum/Apertures Flashcards Preview

Gross II Exam II > Thoracic Wall: Sternum/Apertures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Thoracic Wall: Sternum/Apertures Deck (14):
1

What is the widest and thickest part of the sternum?

Manubrium

2

What is the upper boarder feature of the manubrium?

Jugular notch

3

What part of the sternum will articulate with the 2nd through the 7th costal cartilages?

Corpus/Body/Shaft

-Thank you Morter

4

T/F: The 2nd costal cartilage will articular with only the body of the sternum.

False. It will articulate with both the body and the manubrium- directly at the manubriosternal joint

5

What part of the sternum is cartilaginous at birth, then will slowly ossify during life?

Xiphoid Process

6

What part of the sternum is commonly fractured during CPR?

Xiphoid Process

7

What does the articulation of the body and manubrium form?

Sternal Angle

8

At what vertebral level does the sternal angle typiclly lie?

T4-T5 disc

9

A patient comes to you with a barrel chest. What does this mean?

They have an increase in the sternal angle

10

What chronic condition is often associated with an increased sternal angle?

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

11

What is the opening between the neck and thoracic cavity?

Superior Thoracic Aperture/Thoracic Inlet

12

The superior thoracic aperture is bounded by....

1) Manubrium
2) 1st rib
3) 1st thoracic vertebra (T1)

13

Wat is the opening between the thoracic and abdominal cavities?

Inferior Thoracic Aperture/ Thoracic Outlet

14

The inferior thoracic aperture is bounded by...

1) Xiphoid Process
2) Costal Margin
3) 12th Rib
4) Distal end of the 11th rib
5) 12th thoracic vertebra (T12)