LCT19: Heracles II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in LCT19: Heracles II Deck (28)
1

Peloponnesian Labors

Heracles first six labors

2

FIRST Labor

The Nemean Lion
- offspring of Typhoios
- skin invulnerable
- Heracles tracks lion to its cave, wrestles it and strangles it

3

The lionskin

Heracles uses the dead lions own claw to flay its skin, wears lion skin from this point on (wears it as body armor)

4

SECOND Labor

The Lernaian Hydra
- lives in swamps of Lerna
- 9 headed water serpent (blood poisonous)
- when on Hydra head dies, two grow back in its place

5

Tourches of Iolaus

scorches stumps of Hydra to prevent regeneration

6

What does Heracles do with the Hydra's blood?

dips his arrows in it

7

THIRD Labor

The Cerynitian Deer
- must be brought back alive from Mt. Lerynia
- sacred to Artemis; tracks it for a year
- catches it, carries it back to Eeurystheus

8

FOURTH Labor

The Erymanthian Boar
- must be brought back alive from Mt. Erymanthos
- Parergon (side adventure) - centaur battle!

9

Who was the good centaur that had Heracles as a guest?

Pholos - opens jar of wine for guest, shared by all neighboring centaurs

10

What happens when the jar of wine is opened?

attacks other centaurs - Heracles fights them off, purses them all over Greece, centaurs flee to cave of Cheiron

11

What does Heracles accidentally do?

shoots Cheiron w/ poisoned arrow --> Cheiron's long life comes to an end

12

What does Pholos do?

drops poisoned arrow on his foot, dies

13

FIFTH Labor

The Cattle of Augeias
- Augeias has vast heard of cattle; stables never cleaned
- Heracles offers to clean stables in one day for 1/10 of Augeias' heard
- Heracles diverts two rivers into the stables
- Augeias goes back on promise of cattle
- Heracles returns after labors, kills Augeias

14

SIXTH Labor

The Stymphalian Birds
- flock near forest on Stymphalion Marsh (shoot deadly steel-tipped feathers)
- flushes them out w/ bronze rattles
- shoots them all down w/ his bow

15

Non-Peloponnosian Labors

Heracles last six labors

16

SEVENTH Labor

The Cretan Bull
- bull sacred to Poseidon
- brings it alive to Eurystheus
- lets it go free in Marathon

17

EIGHTH Labor

The Mares of Diomedes (King, son of Ares)
- owns carnivorous horses
- wounds Diomedes, feeds him to the horses
- Heracles tames the horses, takes them back to Eurystheus

18

NINTH Labor

The War-Belt of Hippolyte
- Heracles goes to Themiscyra with small army
- Hippolyte offers her war-belt to Heracles
- disguised Hera riles up the Amazons, who attack
- Heracles kills Hippolyte in battle and takes the belt

19

Amazons

tribe of female warriors (maimed and enslaved male children)
- a+mazas = "breastless"- cut off right breast when young

20

TENTH Labor

The Cattle of Geryones
- bring back cattle of Geryones from western island of Erytheia
- Defeats Geryones

21

Geryones - who is his ally?

3-bodied man w/ herd of red cattle - ally: Orthos (2 headed dog)

22

What does Helios give Heracles?

a giant golden cup to help him sail to Erytheia

23

ELEVENTH Labor

The Apples of the Hesperides (daughters of Night)
- guard golden apples on sacred tree near atlas
- Heracles holds up sky while Atlas fetches the apples
- Atlas returns, wants to take apples to Eurystheus himself but Heracles tricks Atlas, escapes with the apples

24

Hesperides golden apples

Gaia's wedding gift to Zeus and Hera

25

What does Heracles do on his way to get the golden apples?

Frees Perometheus and Perometheus gives him advice - make use of Atlas

26

TWELFTH Labor

Cerberos
- the hardest of his labors
- Hades will let Heracles take Cerberos but no weapons allowed
- Heracles wrestles Cerberos into submission

27

Cerberos

3 headed guard dog at the gates of the Underworld
- all free from him excel the ghost of Meleagros

28

Who does Meleagros subject for Heracles to marry?

Deianeira - Meleagros sister