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Flashcards in lecture 1-15-16 Deck (19)
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1

a ____ specifies a particular amino acid

codon

2

transfer RNA carries an amino acid to the mRNA and Ribosome by using its _________to find a matching mRNA codon

anticodon

3

set of rules relating particular mRNA codons to particular amino acids; redundant and universal

genetic code

4

advantages of "pharming"

makes complex human proteins
less expensive
makes large amount of protein
clinically equivalent

5

genes provide instructions to make proteins

gene expression

6

amino acid sequences determine the shape and the function of _________

a protein

7

a protein is made of up of a chain of

amino acids

8

________amino acids tend to be found folded inside a protein, whereas ______amino acids interact with water on the outside of the protein

hydrophobic; hydrophilic

9

what determines a protein's function

the three dimensional shape of the folded protein

10

what determines how a protein folds

the interaction of the side chains of each individual amino acid

11

which of the following accurately describes amino acid side chains

they provide unique functions to a folded protein

12

heating a protein can cause it to denature or unfold. what do you think would happen to the function of a protein in a denatured state

the protein would not be functional because the three dimensional shape dictates protein's function

13

what is the final product of gene expression

a protein

14

_______is the product of transcription, and _______is the product of translation

mRNA; a protein

15

disease of unregulated cell division; cells divide inappropriately and accumulate, in some instances forming a tumor

cancer

16

treatment of cancer

Surgery
administration of chemicals: chemotherapy

17

highy effective chemotherapy agent ; extracted from the pacific yew tree

taxol

18

most chemotherapy drugs work by interfering with

cell division

19

cell replacement
cell regrowth
heal wounds

why do normal healthy cells divide?