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Flashcards in study guide 2 Deck (22)
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1

formula for photosynthesis

Sunlight+ water+ carbon dioxide--oxygen + glucose

2

where does photosynthesis occur in plant cells

chloroplasts

3

light energy is made up of particles called

photons

4

used to make sugar

ATP

5

pigment present in the green parts of plants it absorbs photons of light energy

chlorophyll

6

renewable fuels made from living organisms
fuel from algae

biofuels

7

how do humans and other animals obtain energy

by eating food

8

energy stored in the chemical bonds

potential energy

9

the energy of motion and movement

kinetic energy

10

obtain energy by eating other organisms

heterotrophs

11

capture and transform the energy of sunlight by photosynthesis

autotrophs

12

process by which plants and other autotrophs use the energy of sunlight to make energy rich molecules; uses carbon dioxide and water and sunlight

photosynthesis

13

chronic undereating; the child lacks nutrients necessary for the chemical reactions of growth and development

malnutrition

14

all of the chemical reaction that happen in your body

metabolism

15

break down larger structures into smaller ones

catabolic reactions

16

bond building; build new structures from smaller subunits

anabolic

17

helper molecules; proteins that speed up chemical reactions

enzymes

18

the process of speeding up the rate of a chemical reaction by enzymes

catalysis

19

part of an enzyme that bind to the substrate

active site

20

molecule to which an enzyme binds and on which it acts

substrate

21

proteins that speed up chemical reactions

enzymes

22

energy required for a chemical reaction to proceed

activation energy