Flashcards in Lecture 1 Deck (24):
Field of study exploring map construction
Define Physical Geography.
The study of rocks and minerals, landforms, soils, animals, plants, water, atmosphere and climate relative to a specific spatial location
Define Human Geography.
The study of population, settlements, economic activity, transportation, recreational activities, religion, politics, social tradition, migration agriculture and urban systems relative to a spacial point.
The study of natural and human constructed phenomena relative to a spacial dimension.
Study of various landforms on earths surface.
Study of soil.
The science that investigates the spacial relationships of plants and animals.
Study of water in all forms.
Study of the circulation of the atmosphere over short time spans.
Study of the effects of weather on life and examines the circulation of the atmosphere over larger time spans.
What is a system?
A set of interrelated components working together.
What are three properties of a system?
Elements: the parts that make up a system
Attributes: characteristics of elements that may be perceived and measured
Relationships: the associations between elements
Photosynthesis is an example of a __________ system.
The average condition of a system measured through one of its elements.
Actions or mechanisms that operate on or between components of a system.
A systems response to changing system input or output.
What are the two types of feedback?
Positive and negative.
Define Positive Feedback.
This moves a system away from balance/equilibrium. This is not good.
Define Negative Feedback.
This brings a system back to equilibrium. This is good.
What is Toblers first law of geography?
Nearer things are more likely to be closely related.
What does the term Plate Tectonics refer to?
Continents are on tectonic plates that are constantly shifting. This causes movement of the continents and where two plates come together mountains can be formed, or earthquakes occur.
What happens to mountain ranges over time due to the cycle of erosion?
The mountains are weathered down, and change from youthful, high energy mountains with steep slopes and quick sediment movement to old, or mature, mountain ranges with low potential, slow sediment movement and flat slopes.
What is the life cycle of a mountain range?
Youthful---> Early Mature---> Late Mature---> Mature