Flashcards in Lecture 15 Pediatric Lung and Airway Deck (20)
Stridor is typically due to a _____ obstruction. Wheezing is due to a ____ obstruction
stridor vs wheezing:
which can be due to smaller airway obstruction? Which is typically associated with upper airway?
with a ____ obstruction, inspiration and expiration do not vary in airflow
example of fixed obstruction:
laryngeal or tracheal web
a flow volume loop flattening on inhalation is indicative of a _____ problem; ie ____
extrathoracic; vocal cords and above
a flow volume loop flattening on exhalation is indicative of a _____ problem, ie lesions below the ____
2 examples of variable extrathoracic obstruction:
vocal cord dysfunction, obstructive sleep apnea
2 examples of variable intrathoracic obstruction
endobronchial tumor, tracheal tumor
RSV is most common from ___ to ____ in the midwest
RSV is the most common cause of ____ and ____ in infants. It is called the "happy _____"
in older children, RSV causes ____
in infants, RSV can cause ______; treatment is ____
supportive (O2 and IV fluids)
prevention of RSV?
palivizumab (monoclonal Ab)
Parainfluenza causes _____ aka ____ in infants
inspiratory ____ due to submucosal edema in the trachea;
harsh, barking "Seal like"
characteristic x-ray finding of patients with croup
"steeple sign" (narrowing of trachea due to edema
children with acute respiratory distress often assume the ____ position to maximize airway opening
unvaccinated kid presents with drooling, respiratory distress, and stridor-- probably diagnosis?
characteristic finding of HiB infection:
thumbprint sign (thickening of epiglottitis)