Lecture 19 Child Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 19 Child Development Deck (35):
1

Sturge-Weber syndrome is characterized by facial ____ ____ (____ ____ stain)

capillary malformation (port wine stain)

2

Characteristic head/neck finding in turner's syndrome:

webbing of neck

3

White pupillary reflex is called ____ and indicates congenital cataracts or _____

leukocoria, retinoblastoma

4

what is the most common autosomal trisomy in live births? what is the name of this disorder

trisomy 21,
down syndrome

5

down syndrome:
prominent ___ folds, ____ facies, ____ spots, ____ crease, gap between first and second ___

epicanthal, flat, brushfield, simian (transverse palmar crease), toes ("sandal gap")

also slanted palebral fissures, protruding tongue

6

patients with down syndrome show ____ with severe head ____

hypotonia, lag

7

where would you see brushfield spots?

on the iris

8

risk of down syndrome increases with increased maternal ____

age

9

Edwards syndrome is trisomy ____. Characteristics include "______ feet", ____ ears, clenched hands, prominent _____, and severe intellectual disability

18,
rocker-bottom, low set;
occiput;

also congenital heart disease

10

trisomy 13 is called ___ syndrome. symptoms include ____ lip/palate, ___dactyl, ___foot, heart defects

patau syndrome, cleft, poly, club

holoprosencephaly, microopthalmia, intellectual disability

11

how long do patients with patau syndrome live?

usually 6 months

12

breastfeeding should be done exclusively for the first ____-

6 months;

then add solids

13

When mom shouldn't breast feed:
____ positive, HTLV1, untreated ____, chemo, drug abuse, radiation, active herpes or _____

HIV, TB, chicken pox

14

things okay for mom to have to breast feed:
Hep B/C, ____use, ____ use, fever, CMV

tobacco, alcohol

15

if an infant has ____, they should not be breast fed

galactosemia

16

hyperbilirubinemia in newborns is due to increased _____ or decreased ____

supply (ie HCV);
metabolism (ie deficiency in UGT or increased enterohepatic circulation)

17

bilirubin higher than ___ mg/dL is associated with increased risk for neurological dysfunction

25-30 mg/dL

18

____ is a permanent sequelae to increased bilirubin

kernicterus

19

jaundice in the first ____ hours is a medical emergency and indicates ____

24 hours, hemolysis

20

typical reason for jaundice in first 24 hours:
____ incompatibility or _____ problems

blood type, breastfeeding

21

breast fed infants need ___ and ____ supplements. when should whole milk be transitioned to? what about skim milk?

vitamin D, iron supplements;
12 months, 2 years

22

3 months: infants should be able to raise ____ and ___ when lying on the stomach;

Social ____ should begin to develop

head, chest;

smile


SEE FA59

23

Patients should respond to their own name by ____

7 months

24

12 months:
gross motor: _____
fine motor: puts object in container
language: says ____
cognitive: finds hidden object easily

walk 2 or 3 steps;
mama/dada

25

at 12 months, patients have ____ and ____ anxiety

separation, stranger

26

object permanence occurs by ____ months;
imitates people by ____ months

9, 12

27

should be able to copy a circle by ____ years and a triange by ____ years

3, 5

28

should be able to kick a ball and walk up and down stairs by ____

2 years

29

should be able to stack blocks by ____

2 years

30

2 years language:

should be able to use 2 to 4 word sentences

31

should be able to draw a stick figure by ____

4 years

32

should be able to speak in sentences of ___ words and name ____ by 3 to 4 years

5-6, colors

33

should be able to dress/undress by __

3 to 4 years

34

when are kids aware of their sexuality?

4 to 5 years

35

reasons for not reaching milestones:
____ tumor, inborn error of ____, _____ disroder

brain, metabolism, neurodegenerative