Lecture 14 Common kid illnesses Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 14 Common kid illnesses Deck (20):
1

Varicella is characterized by ____ lesions that are at (the same or different?) stages

itchy, different

2

Varicella:
patient is infectious from ____ hours before the skin lesions until the skin lesions are ____

48 hours, fully crusted

3

Varicella lesions are most prominent on the ____. characterized as " ____"

trunk, dew drops on a rose petal

4

Measles is caused by the ____ virus. Prodrome stage lasting 1 week is characterized fever, photophobia, and the three 3 C's _________

paramyxo;

conjunctivits, cough, coryza (runny nose)

5

that pathognomonic symptom of measles is ____ (enanthem). it usually appears 2 days ____ the rash

koplik spots;
before

6

Measles rash:
begins on the ____ and spreads to the ____.

head, trunk/extremities;

7

koplik spots are bright ___ spots with a ____ center on the ____ mucosa

red, blue white;
buccal

8

measles complications:
___ ____ pneumonia;
acute disseminiated ____ during recovery;
or subacute ____ ____ 7-10 years after measles

giant cell;
myeloencephalitis;
sclerosing panencephalitis

9

Rubella is a ___ that causes "____ (german) measles"

togavirus;
3 day

10

rubella:
low grade fever, tender _____ cervical and ___auricular and occipital lymphadenopathy, arthralgias, rash

posterior, post

11

rubella:
____ spots are dusky red spots that develop on the ____ at the beginning of the rash (enanthem)

forchheimer spots;
posterior soft/hard palate;

aka palatal petechiae

12

rubella:
rash is described as pink, ____ _____ rash that starts on the ____ and spreads ____. it lasts ___ days

pinpoint maculopapular, face; to trunk/limbs;
3

13

Classic triad of clinical rubella syndrome:
____ (heart), _____, and _____;
sometimes a ______ rash

PDA, cataracs, deafness;

blueberry muffin

14

erythema infectiosum (5th disease) is caused by the ____ virus. what are its 3 distinct phases?

parvovirus B19;
slapped cheeks --> fishnet erythema --> recurrence of rash after resolution

15

Other syndromes caused by B19 virus:
RBC destruction in fetus leading to ____ ____ and death;
pure red cell _____ and ____ anemia in chronic hemolytic disease patients;
chronic ____ in adults

hydrops fetalis;
aplasia, aplastic;
polyarthritis

16

roseola infantum/exanthem subitum is caused by what virus?

herpesvirus 6 or 7

17

Roseola characteristics:
_____ ____ for 3 to 4 days that goes away, followed by ___ ____

high fever;
maculopapular rash

18

hand foot and mouth disease is caused by the _____ virus or _____

coxsackie, enterovirus

19

Characteristics of hand food and mouth disease:
(painful/painless) vesicular lesions on HFM;
most symptoms are seen in the ____

painful;
mouth

20

coxsackie A virus also causes ____, that is characterized by yellowish white papulovesicular lesions on the tonsils, uvula, and palate

herpangina