Flashcards in Lecture 2 - Bioinformatics Deck (13):
What is biomedical informatics?
Science of information as applied to, or studied in the context of biomedicine
Difference between bioinformatics and health informatics
Bioinformatics deals with molecular data.
Health informatics deals with clinical, patient-generated data.
What are ontologies?
Ways of visualising bioinformatic information
Potential new disease taxonomy from bioinformatics
According to causative gene or protein
Number of bioinformatic databases
Focus of Japanese bioinformatic databases
Focus of Swiss bioinformatic databases
Focus of European/US bioinformatic databases
Approaches to finding bioinformatic information
1) Access a catalogue
2) Use an integrated search engine
3) Directly access databases
Example of a bioinformatic catalogue
NAR publishes an annual issue on databases, which are catalogued based on a series of parameters.
Example of an integrated search engine
Field where bioinformatics is particularly useful
Rare genetic diseases (~8000 known)