lecture 2 - the role of attachment Flashcards Preview

FY YEAR: introduction to child psychology > lecture 2 - the role of attachment > Flashcards

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what did Schaffer say in 1993?

A close emotional relationship between two persons, characterised by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity.


name 3 behaviours identified by maccoby in 1980

proximity - infant stays close
separation distress - protests baby cries carer anxious
secure-base behaviour- returns to carer lots


positive evaluation of maccoby

Traits that increase the chances of survival and therefore reproduction, are naturally selected. baby survives, attachment traits produced on, they are adaptive.


what did Harlow do ?

had a baby monkey and placed it near a cloth mother and a wire mother (who had food), baby choose comfort over food.


Bowlby's attachment theory

- Attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of it’s survival value and reproductive value
- innate drive to attach to parents
- innate drive to attach to parents = imprinting


-what is innate?

things that we are born with, a product of genetic factors


whats Bowlbys evolutionary theory?

innate form attachment
adaptive advantage so survive
said theres a critical period


what is adaptive?

- attachment are adaptive
- more likely to survive
- close so safe


what are social releasers?

- physical - features and baby proportions
- behavioural - crying and cooing


what is the critical period ?

attachment must form before 2.5 years, child suffer if attachment is broken, maternal deprivation


what long term consequences happens if attachment is not formed in the critical period?

reduced intelligence, increased aggression, depression,


what is monotropy?

Childs form 1 attachment with their mother
intense attachment
if no mother can be a mother substitute.


what is internal working model?

Through the monotropic
attachment, the infant
would form an Internal
working model.
This is a special mental
schema for relationships.


what was the name of Aisnworths study ?

The strange situation


what were the type of attachments?

secure attachment (60-75)
resistant insecure attachment(3)
avoiding insecure attachment (20-25)


what are the stages in the Ainsworth experiment?

(1) Mother, baby, and experimenter (lasts less than one minute).

(2) Mother and baby alone.

(3) A stranger joins the mother and infant.

(4) Mother leaves baby and stranger alone.

(5) Mother returns and stranger leaves.

(6) Mother leaves; infant left completely alone.

(7) Stranger returns.

(8) Mother returns and stranger leaves.


what is secure attachment?

when the mum is there child explore freely, engage with strangers, upset when leave, happy when back. don't engage with stranger when mother gone.


what is resistant attachment?

anxious, when mum is there. distressed when mum leaves, mum returns child wants to be close but is resentful, baby may hit or push.


what is avoidant insecure attachment?

ignores care giver, little emotion on depart or return, child doesn't cling, child won't explore much, strangers not treated much differently, not much emotional range.