Flashcards in Lecture 4 - Attachment on Later relationship Deck (22)
How does the internal working model impact future relationships?
We base future relationships on our internal working mode. We will also behave in a way that mirrors our Internal Working Model
what is an internal working model ?
It is a template to what we think relationships should be like. it is unconscious.
How do we study the internal working model?
because people can't report on something they are not aware of, people can report consciously bout their relationship, loads of things influence this.
what did sroufe (1979) find about secure attachment?
securely attached people form the foundations of healthy psychological development. competent, heathy children, can form satisfying relationships
what did sroufe (1979) find about insecure attachment?
distrust of selves and the social world; anxiety, guilt and difficulty in forming relationships
what did Matas (1979) do ?
He assessed attachments at 18 months and observed again at 24 months when they did problem solving tasks
what did Matas (1979) find about securely attached children?
less negative, cried/ whined less, showed less aggression. Enthusiastic and persistent, they are more compliant, listen to mothers and use the info
what did teachers say about secure attachment children?
Pre-school teachers rated securely attached children as less aggressive towards peers, less dependent on help from teacher and more competent
what did Mullis et al (1999) say ?
late childhood attachment with peers reflect early attachment with parents
what did Liable (2000) say?
Transfer attachment behaviour to social situations/ peer group
what did Myron-Wilson and Smith (1998) find ?
insecure-avoidant infants are most likely to be bullied
insecure-resistant infants are most likely to be bullies
what happened in Hazan and Shaver's Love Quiz ?
they analysed 620 replies to a “love quiz” printed in a local newspaper
what were the 3 sections in Hazan and Shavers love quiz ?
Assessing respondents’ current or most significant relationship
General love experiences
Assessing attachment type by responding to one of three statements
what did Hazan and shaver find about securely attached adults?
Tehy had specific beliefs, had longer relationships, they were trusting.
what did Hazan and shaver find about insecurely attached adults?
They were less likely to be in a relationship, more likely to be divorced.
what did Hazan and shaver say about resistant adults?
obsessed, jealous, fall involve but not true love,
what did McCarthy (1999) find about avoidant women?
they found avoidant women had less secure romantic relationship.
what did McCarthy (1999) find about resistant people?
problems forming non-romantic relationships
what did Kirkpatrick & Davis (1994) find?
more securely attached childhood = more stable and satisfying adult relationships
what did Brennan & Shaver (1995) find about avoidant attachment?
more likely to engage in sex without love
what did Kunce & Shaver (1994) find about resistant women ?
resistant women are more “compulsive care-givers”