Lecture 8 - Theory of mind Flashcards Preview

FY YEAR: introduction to child psychology > Lecture 8 - Theory of mind > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 8 - Theory of mind Deck (12)
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1

what is mind reading ?

Our personal understanding of what other people are thinking and feeling.

2

what does mind reading allow us to do ?

allows us to explain observable events by inferring unobservable entities

3

whats the argument in regards to the theory of mind?

acquire rules and principles vs. use own imagination to simulate other’s mind

4

what did meltzoff want to do ?

Wanted to see if toddlers could understand what a person was trying to do even if they dint manage to do it

5

what happened during meltzoffs study?

Toddlers watched adult put beads into a jar. one condition the adult missed. control saw adult put them in. Both conditions child placed beads into the jar.

6

at what age do children begin to explain others behaviour in terms of their beliefs?

3

7

At what age does a child understand other minds/what another person believes?

age 4-5

8

Describe the responses that a 3-, 4- and 5-year-old will give to the crayon experiment.

3 - what they thought
4- the correct thing
5- correct thing

9

What do children who pass the false belief test understand?

that not everyone has the same knowledge as them

10

Meta-analysis on over 100 studies using the standard, verbal tests showed:

younger than 3½ years: below chance (choose incorrect)
3½-4 years: at chance
older than 4 years: above chance (choose correct)

11

people with autism lack a ......

theory of mind

12

whats the sally Anne scenario?

sally ha basket, puts marble in basket, sally leaves. Anne has a box takes marble form basket places it into the box. Sally comes back, where does she think the marble is?