Lecture 5 - Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Flashcards Preview

FY YEAR: introduction to child psychology > Lecture 5 - Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 5 - Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Deck (23)
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1

what is a schema ?

A blue print too everything we know about the world, built from different ideas.

2

what did Piaget say about schemas?

Piaget suggest that we are born with a small number of reflex-schemas such as sucking- and this allows the infant to INTERACT with the world.

3

what encourages more schemas to be built?

interaction and activity

4

whats the initial schema?

the me -schema

5

what did Piaget think about children?

children have to learn. to think

6

what happens when a child comes across something new?

This leads to a feeling of disequilibrium and in order to achieve equilibration the infant has to explore and learn about the new situation

7

what is disequalqibrirum ?

an imbalance between what is understood and what is encountered.

8

what is assimilation ?

This is when the infant adds new information to existing schemas.

9

what is accomodation?

This is when the infant comes across something qualitatively different and so has to change the current schema or come up with a new one.

10

overall what did Piaget believe?

children developed and learnt through the processes of assimilation and accommodation of existing schemas in order to make sense of new situations.

11

Each child develops their own individual mental representations through

activity and interaction with their environment

12

how are children motivated?

motivated to do this through the need to achieve equilibration.

13

what did Piaget call children?

scientists

14

what did piaget's theory do for schools?

Sitting silently at desks within the primary school system was replaced by activity orientated environments

15

what are the 4 stages of intellectual developemnt?

1. children are active learners who construct knowledge from their environments
2. they learn through assimilation and accommodation, and complex cognitive development occurs through equilibration
3. the interaction with physical and social environments is key for cognitive development
4. development occurs in stages

16

what is objective permanence?

ability to realise that an object still exists even when it is out of sight.

17

once an object is out of an infants visual field, the infant is no longer aware of it’s existence prior to ____

8 months

18

what stage is 0-2 years approximately?

sensori - motor

19

what stage is 2-7 years approximately?

pre-opperational

20

in the pre-operational stage children have errors with ___

reasoning

21

what is conservation ?

This is the ability to realise that quantity can stay the same despite what it looks like

22

what is egocentrisim?

The inability to see the world from someone else's point of view

23

what was piagets three mountains task ?

Child one side, Doll the other, 3 mountains on the table, child shows pics, ask to pic what the doll could see, all picked what they saw.