Lecture 3 - Cultural Variations in Attachment Flashcards Preview

FY YEAR: introduction to child psychology > Lecture 3 - Cultural Variations in Attachment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 3 - Cultural Variations in Attachment Deck (14)
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1

what is an individualistic
culture?

one which emphasises personal independence and achievement at the expense of group goals, resulting in a strong sense of competition

2

what is a collectivist culture?

one which emphasises family and work goals above individual needs and desires, there is a high degree of interdependence between people

3

what countries are individualistic?

uk, america, aurope

4

what countries are collectivist?

North Korea, Japan

5

what did Van Ijzendoorn & Kroonenberg (1998) do?

carried out a meta-analysis combining the findings of 32 other studies of the strange situation from a variety of countries and based on the observation of over 2000 children. 

6

which country was the most securely attached?

GB

7

which country was the lowest for securely attached?

china

8

which country had the highest insecure avoidant ?

Germany

9

which country had the lowest insecure avoidant?

Japan

10

which country had high insecure resistance?

israel

11

which country had lowest insecure resistant?

sweden

12

Do the results of Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg study support Bowlby's evolutionary theory of attachment?

No they do not because, the results show that the countries differ in attachments.

13

how many infants were secure attached in simonellas 2014 study?

only 50%, decreased because mothers went to work

14

what did jin 2012 find?

mothers straight away would enter and pick the child up, mother initiated hug . parenting style plays a factor. It was concluded that secure base is always there but just looks different tin different cultures.