Lecture 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 7 Deck (29):
1

Renal veins dump into:

IVC

2

Renal arteries come off:

Descending aorta

3

Cells that contain receptors specific for a hormone are called:

Target cells

4

What converts Angiotensin I into Angiotensin II?

Angiotensin converting enzyme

5

What converts the enzyme Angiotensinogen into Angiotensin I?

Renin

6

Angiotensin II causes:

Adrenal gland to secrete Aldosterone

7

What does Aldosterone do?

Increases collecting duct permeability

8

Decrease in extracellular pressure near _______ causes _________ to release the hormone _______

-Distal convoluted tubule
-Juxtaglomerular cells
-Renin

9

With increased duct permeability: (4)

-Urine volumed decreased
-Fluid retained
-Blood volume increases
-Blood pressure back up

10

Hypothalamus is derived from:

Neural ectoderm

11

Posterior pituitary gland is derived from:

Neural ectoderm

12

Anterior pituitary gland is derived from:

Endoderm

13

Innervation of hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland?

Part of your brain

14

Arterial supply of hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland?

Circulosus arteriosus cerebri

15

Venous drainage of hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland?

Cavernous venous sinus

16

Innervation of Thyroid and Thymus gland?

Vagus nerve

17

Sympathetic innervation of pancreas:

Greater splanchnic nerve

18

Parasympathetic innervation of pancreas:

Vagus nerve

19

Sympathetic innervation of ovaries:

T12

20

Parasympathetic innervation of Ovaries:

Vagus nerve and sacral outflow

21

Sympathetic innervation of testes:

T12

22

Parasympathetic innervation of testes:

Sacral outflow

23

Are both endocrine and exocrine systems:

Liver and pancreas

24

Which of the following structures does not send its endocrine products to the body by way of paired veins?

Thymus gland

25

Which of the following structures does not receive parasympathetic innervation by way of the vagus nerve?

Testis

26

Which of the following structures has a sympathetic innervation similar to that of the bladder?

Testis

27

Which structures are derived exclusively from mesoderm?

Testis and ovaries

28

Testis are most similar to what structure?

Ovaries

29

Pancreas is derived from:

Endoderm