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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (91):
1

Cells found in tubes of both the lymphatic system and the cardiovascular system:

Macrophages
Lymphocytes
Hepatocytes

2

Of the leukocytes (white blood cells) produced in bone marrow, which are not phagocytic?

Lymphocytes

3

4 secondarily retroperitoneal structures of the posterior body wall:

Duodenum
Ascending colon
Descending colon
Pancreas

4

Dr. Sumida's radial artery running into his hand was blocked by a ganglion cyst. Fortunately collateral circulation from what arteries could continue to supply his hand?

Ulnar artery and superficial palmar arch

5

What is the last tributary of the SVC before it empties into the right atrium?

azygous vein

6

When lungs expand, where do they never reach?

cupola

7

What arterial vessel is most likely to be harvested for use in coronary bypass surgery?

Internal thoracic

8

Muscular columns that help attach the diaphragm to the ventral surfaces of lumbar vertebrae:

Crura

9

Structure at which gas exchange in the lung take place:

Alveoli

10

What does the brachiocephalic trunk, aortic and carotid sensory bodies have in common?

All associated with aortic arches 3 & 4

11

Arterial supply of the heart:

Coronary arteries

12

Venous drainage of the heart:

Cardiac veins

13

Sympathetic innervation/levels of the heart:

T1-4 (sometimes 5)

14

Sympathetic preganglionic and postganglionic synapse of heart:

Upper cervical ganglia

15

Parasympathetic innervation of the heart:

Vagus nerve

16

Right vagus nerve of the heart innervates:

SA node

17

Left vagus nerve of the heart innervates:

AV node

18

Pacemaker of heart:

Sinoatrial node

19

End of internal iliac artery used to be...?

Umbilical artery in the placenta

20

Structure that carries the most highly oxygenated blood in a fetus?

Ductus arteriosus

21

Diaphragm innervated by what segmented levels?

C3-5

22

Arterial supply of the lungs:

Pulmonary arteries

23

Venous drainage of the lungs:

Pulmonary veins

24

Sympathetic innervation/levels of the lungs:

T1-4

25

Sympathetic preganglionic and postganglionic synapse of lungs:

Under sympathetic trunk ganglia

26

Parasympathetic innervation of the lungs:

Vagus nerve

27

Deeper breathing caused by detection of:

Greater acidity (lower pH) by the medullary rhythmicity center

28

Lymphatic vessel that drains 3/4 of the body tissues dumps into the cardiovascular system at the junction:

Left subclavian and jugular veins

29

Gathers lymphatic tissue of legs, abdomen, left side of thorax, left arm, left side of head

Thoracic duct

30

Last quarter of body; drains right arm, right side of head

Right lymphatic duct

31

3 branches of subclavian from proximal to distal

Vertebral artery a.
Internal thoracic a.
Thyrocervical trunk

32

6 branches of axillary from proximal to distal

Supreme thoracic a.
Thoracocromial a.
Lateral thoracic a.
Anterior humeral circumflex a.
Posterior humeral circumflex a.
Subscapular a.

33

Arch 1

Maxillary artery

34

Arch 2

DISAPPEARS

35

Arch 3

Carotid artery

36

Arch 4

Left side of aorta

37

Arch 5

DISAPPEARS

38

Arch 6

Pulmonary artery

39

What level is the carina at?

T4

40

4 examples of hypaxial muscles

Scalene
External intercostal
Internal intercostal
Diaphragm

41

First branch of descending aorta in the abdominal region is the:

Inferior phrenic artery

42

First branch of descending aorta in the abdominal region is the:

Inferior phrenic artery

43

First brach of the subclavian artery passes through:

Transverse foramina and the foramen magnum

44

Located close to capillaries that lead to the hepatic portal system

Lacteals

45

What is the next blood vessel a white blood cell enters after entering a lymph node along the thoracic duct?

Thoracic duct again

46

If the basilar artery is closed, blood can reach the circulosus arterioles cerebra via:

Right and left vertebral arteries

47

What do veins and lymph vessels have in common?

Drainage into the right brachiocephalic vein

48

A vascular system bounded by a capillary bed at both ends is known as:

Portal system

49

First pair of branches of the aorta after it exits the left ventricle of an adult?

Coronary arteries

50

Veins have little or no...

Tunica media

51

Intrinsic regulation of the heartbeat passes along conducting tissues in the heart in what order?

Sinoatrial node> atrioventricular node> atrioventricular bundle

52

Lymphoid component of the embryonic foregut:

Spleen

53

A red blood cell in the hemiazygous vein will move to what named blood vessel next:

Azygous vein

54

Damage to segmental nerve level C4 would impair:

Scalene and diaphragm

55

Organ that removes dead/dying red blood cells from the blood stream:

Spleen

56

First two branches of internal iliac artery:

Iliolumbar and lateral sacral arteries

57

Vessel that brings fetal blood to the uterine-placental interface is a branch of the:

Umbilical vein

58

C3, 4, & 5...

keeps the diaphragm alive

59

Most ventral in chest

Thymus gland

60

5 lymphatic structures

lymph nodes
spleen
pier's patches
tonsils
thymus gland

61

3 types of tonsils

pharyngeal, palatine, lingual

62

In the adult, left recurrent laryngeal nerve hooks around:

Ligamentum arteriosum

63

Adjacent cavities that are not separated by a structural partition

Pelvic and abdominal cavity

64

Blood type AB can receive donations from:

A, B, AB, O

65

First major branch of femoral artery:

Profunda femoral artery

66

Doesn't pierce the diaphragm:

Trachea

67

Where would a doctor need to stick a needle in order to remove an air bubble from the lungs?

8th intercostal space

68

Which germ layer contributes the lungs?

ALL

69

What germ layer contributes to nerves in and out?

Ectoderm

70

What germ layer contributes to the inner lining of the trachea and lungs?

Endoderm

71

What germ layer contributes to blood vessels going in with deoxygenated blood and out with oxygenated blood?

Mesoderm

72

What germ layer contributes to the rings that hold the trachea open?

Neural crest

73

3 main vessels that branch off the celiac trunk?

Gastric
Hepatic
Splenic

74

Structures that monitor blood pH have what in common with the trunk?

Both derived from mesoderm

75

For an angiogram to make its way from your right wrist to your heart, the catheter would follow an arterial route back to the heart in what sequence: (7)

Radial, brachial, axillary, subclavian, brachiocephalic, arch of aorta, coronary

76

Which of the following is not a consequence of the migration of the developing embryonic heart?

Positioning of the heart ventral to the pharynx

77

A nervous impulse telling the diaphragm to contract more frequently would begin in the _____ region of the medulla, and travel via the ____

apneustic

phrenic nerve

78

The embryonic headfold helps to delineate the:

Foregut

79

The transverse colon is fused to the:

Greater momentum

80

The embryonic midgut rotate about the superior mesenteric artery during early development by how many degrees?

270

81

How do you get circulation in the lymphatic system with no pump?

contraction of smooth muscle; squeezing

82

Absorbs fat from small intestine for distribution throughout the body:

Lacteal

83

Produces specific antibodies:

B-lymphocytes

84

Attacks specific foreign cells:

T-lymphocytes

85

The process of breaking large molecules into smaller one with the release of energy is known as:

Catabolism

86

The secretion of pancreatic lipase into the duodenum would be stimulated by the:

Vagus nerve

87

Defecation will be facilitated by contraction of what muscles to pressurize the coelom:

Body wall

88

What is not a fat-soluble vitamin?

Vitamin C

89

Which of the following is not a granulocyte?

Lymphocyte

90

What has no tunic media?

Venules

91

The most common type of blood cell is:

Erythrocytes