Hormones (lab practical) Flashcards Preview

Bio 224 > Hormones (lab practical) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones (lab practical) Deck (46):
1

4 hormones produced in the hypothalamus

Oxytocin
Vasopressin
Releasing hormones
Inhibiting hormones

2

Hormone that initiates labor

Oxytocin

3

Hormone that decreases urine output and retains H20

Vasopressin

4

2 hormones released in the posterior pituitary gland

Oxytocin and Vasopressin

5

Anterior pituitary gland hormones (7):

Growth hormone (GH)
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Lutenizing hormone (LH)
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
Prolactin (PRL)

6

Targets whole body

GH

7

Targets thyroid

TSH

8

Targets adrenal cortex

ACTH

9

Targets ovary maturation

FSH

10

Targets ovary ovulation

LH

11

Targets melanin in skin

MSH

12

Targets mammary glands

PRL

13

Gland involved in immunity

Thymus gland

14

3 hormones made in thymus gland

Thymosin
Thymus Humeral Factor
Thymopoietin

15

Pineal gland hormone:

Melatonin

16

Hormone involved in sleep & circadian rhythm

Melatonin

17

2 hormones made in thyroid gland

Thyroxin
Calcitonin

18

Hormone found in parathyroid glands

PTH

19

5 hormones produced in adrenal glands

Mineralocorticoids
Glucocorticoids
Androgens
Adrenaline (Epinephrine)
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine)

20

3 hormones produced in adrenal cortex (outside)

Mineralocorticoids
Glucocorticoids
Androgens

21

2 hormones produced in adrenal medulla (inside)

Adrenaline (Epinephrine)
Noradrenaline (Norepinephrine)

22

2 hormones produced in the pancreas

Glucagon
Insulin

23

Hormone that raises blood sugar level- alpha cells

Glucagon

24

Hormone that lowers blood sugar level- beta cells

Insulin

25

2 hormones produced in the ovaries

Estrogen
Progesterone

26

Hormone produced in the testes

Testosterone

27

Cortex of adrenal gland is derived from:

Mesoderm

28

Medulla of adrenal gland is derived from:

Neural crest

29

Kidney cortex derived from:

Intermediate mesoderm

30

Medulla consists of:

Loop of henle and collecting duct

31

Cortex consists of:

Proximal + distal convoluted tubules, bowman's capsule, glomerulus

32

What hormones act on the ovary?

FSH and LH

33

What hormones act on the thyroid gland?

TSH

34

What hormone acts on the adrenal gland?

ACTH

35

Hormone that raises calcium level

Thyroxin

36

Hormone that tones down/decreases calcium level

Calcitonin

37

Hormone that is an anti-inflammatory agent

Glucocorticoid

38

Hormone that turns lymph cells into T cells

Thymosin

39

Hormone that constricts arterioles

Noradrenaline

40

Rapid growth spurts

Androgen

41

Hormone that stimulates secretion of testosterone

LH

42

Hormone that raises level of calcium in blood

Parathyroid hormone

43

Process of hormone secretion (example: TSH)

hypo -> TSHRH -> A.P. -> blood -> thyroid gland produces thyroxin or calcitonin until calcium level is sufficient -> hypo -> TSHIH -> A.P. shuts off TSH

44

What hormone acts on the mammary gland?

PRL

45

What hormone acts on the whole body?

GH

46

What hormone acts on skin?

MSH