Lecture 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 6 Deck (15):
1

Kidneys are derived from:

Intermediate mesoderm

2

Kidney starts out as:

Segmental structure

3

Bladder, as part of embryonic gut tube, lining derived from:

Endoderm

4

Earliest kidney appears in:

The pronephros

5

Grows between the more dorsal part of the gut tube and more ventral part that becomes bladder:

Urorectal septum

6

Kidneys are:

Retroperitoneal

7

Sympathetic innervation of kidneys:

T10-L1

8

Parasympathetic innervation of kidneys:

Vagus nerve

9

The bladder is lined by special type of epithelium called:

Transitional epithelium

10

About 75% of sodium removed by active transport here:

Proximal convoluted tubule

11

No active transport of salt out of the _______ loop of henle

Descending

12

Highest concentration near curve of henle:

Interstitial space

13

In a countercurrent system, what kind of gradient is set up in the interstitial space?

Salt concentration gradient

14

What is being actively transported out of the loop into the interstitial space?

Chlorine ions and oppositely charged sodium ions

15

Makes the collection duct more permeable to water:

ADH