Lecture 7 - Introduction to Schiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 7 - Introduction to Schiz Deck (73)
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1

Outline Falvet 1851 on discovery schizophrenia

Falvet circulaire
Circular madness
Extremes highs and lows mood
Looked isolation
Distinguish subtypes

2

Outline Hecker 1871 on discovery schizophrenia

Hebephrenia
First describe Schiz symptoms
Early onset
Deteriorating over time
Problems emotion
Sub types symptoms

3

Outline Emil Kraeplin 1898 on discovery schizophrenia

Combined into single disease - dementia Praecox
Seeing psychiatric diseases biological
Dissecting brains
First describe illness progressive no return

4

How does Kraeplin 1898 describe dementia

Global disruption of perceptual and cognitive processes

5

How does Kraeplin 1898 describe Praecox

Early adulthood onset

6

Who coined the term dementia Praecox

Emil Kraeplin 1898

7

Outline Eugen Bleuler 1911 on discovery schizophrenia

Reformulated dementia Praecox
Coined term schizophrenia
Characterised: fragmented thinking, breakdown of integrated functions coordinate affect and behaviour
Disturbances of association primary symptoms of Schiz

8

Who coined the term schizophrenia

Eugen Bleuler 1911

9

What did Bleuler 1911 identify as primary symptoms of Schiz

Disturbances of association

10

What does Bleuler 1911 believe schizophrenia Stands for

Schizo = split

Phrene = mind

11

What are Bleuler 1911 4 As

4 elements understand symptoms

Association
Ambivalence
Autism
Aspesticity

12

Outline Positive Type 1 symptoms of Schiz by Tim Crow 1980

Delusions
Hallucinations
Thought disorders

13

Outline Negative Type 2 symptoms of Schiz by Tim Crow 1980

Anhedonia
Flattened affect
Avolition
Alogia

14

Outline cognitive symptoms of Schiz by Tim Crow 1980

Working memory
Executive dysfunction
Attentional deficits

15

Outline delusions as positive symptoms of Schiz

False belief despite evidence contrary

16

Outline Bizarre delusions as positive symptoms of schizophrenia

Bizarre delusion = thought insertion withdrawal thought broadcasting made actions

17

Outline examples of delusions as positive symptoms of schiz

Persecutory
Paranoid
Control
Grandiose
Reference

18

Outline hallucinations as positive symptoms of Schiz

Perceptual experience real in absence physical proof

Most common auditory visual olfactory

19

Outline thought disorders as positive symptoms of Schiz

Inventing words
Trouble understanding common words
Changing topic

20

Outline negative symptoms of Schiz

Blunted affect
Mood or emotional state
Limited range emotions
Anhedonia: inability to feel pleasure

21

Outline cognitive thought symptoms of Schiz

Avolition - unable begin tasks lack motivation
Alogia - unable speak
Problems working memory planning learning
Problematic - prevent joining workforce

22

What did Peter Liddle 1987 conduct

Re examined positive negative dichotomy
Included 3rd factor disorganisation Syndrome - attributed to positive dimension

23

What 3 Syndrome categories did Liddle 1987 identify

Psychomotor poverty

Reality distortion

Disorganisation Syndrome

24

Define Psychomotor Poverty by Liddle 1987

Poverty of speech
Decreased spontaneous movement
Blunted affect

25

Define Reality Distortion by Liddle 1987

Delusions
Hallucinations

26

Define Disorganisation Syndrome by Liddle 1987

Inappropriate affect
Distractibility
Poverty of content of speech
Thought disturbances

27

What 5 factors did Liddle expand to in 2002

1. Psychomotor poverty

2. Reality distortion

3. Disorganisation

4. Psychomotor excitation

5. Anxiety/Depression

28

Developed world what are the 4 leading causes lost year of healthy life aged 15-44

1. Major depressive disorders

2. Alcohol use

3. Road traffic accidents

4. Schizophrenia

29

What are the cognitive symptoms a target for

Applied research
Drug companies

30

What did Fletcher and Frith 2009 identify as voices in the head

Audible thoughts - after own thought head another voice. Embodied

Voices arguing

Voices commenting on actions

Influence on body - somatic positivity