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Flashcards in 2.2 Lesson Deck (85)
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It is time to eat breakfast; are you going to cook for us?

Es hora de desayunar; ¿vas a cocinar para nosotros?

time - la hora. La hora literally means "the hour"

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What time is it?

¿Qué hora es?

What time is it? - ¿Qué hora es?. In some countries, you may also hear people use the plural ¿Qué horas son?

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It is eight o'clock in the morning

Son las ocho de la mañana

It is __ o'clock - Son las ___.  Note that the conjugation of the verb ser must agree with the number it if referring to. "It is one o'clock" would be Es la una

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It is nine twenty-five (9:25) in the morning

Son las nueve y veinticinco de la mañana

It is __:___ - Son las __ y __.  Note that, when spoken, the hours and minutes of time are separated by the conjunction y

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The class begins at two in the afternoon

La clase empieza a las dos de la tarde

afternoon - la tarde.  Remember to use the article la. Tarde by itself means "late"

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Why are you awake at four in the morning?

¿Por qué estás despierto a las cuatro de la madrugada?

before dawn - la madrugada

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Maricarmen is asleep because it is one fifteen (1:15) in the morning

Maricarmen está dormida porque es la una y cuarto de la mañana

it is __ 15 - son las / es la __ y cuarto. Note that cuarto also means "a quarter" and that Spanish speakers generally say cuarto instead of quince when speaking of time

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It is three thirty (3:30) and I am very hungry; do you want to eat lunch?

Son las tres y media y tengo mucha hambre; ¿quieres almorzar?

It is __ thirty - son las / es la __ y media

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I want less food

Quiero menos comida

minus, less - menos

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It is two forty-five (2:45); where is your sister?

Son las tres menos cuarto; ¿dónde está tu hermana?

it is __45 - son las/es la __menos cuarto. Note that you literally say "It is three minus a quarter". You usually tell the time for minutes 31-59 by counting backwards from the next full hour

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There are only sixteen students in the classroom, so two are missing

Sólo hay dieciséis estudiantes en la clase, entonces faltan dos

to be missing, to lack - faltar. Note that faltar is conjugated like any regular -ar ending verb. Faltar is used when aiming toward a goal. When conveying how much is left when taken from an original whole, use quedar

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There are 10 minutes left before six (5:50), do you want to go to the restaurant?

Faltan diez para las séis, ¿quieres ir al restaurante?

__minutes left - faltar + __ + para. Note that this is an alternative construction to subtracting minutes from the hour

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He has a lack of respect

Tiene una falta de respeto

a lack - una falta

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I am going to travel from New York to Washington in four hours

Voy a viajar desde Nueva York hasta Washington en cuatro horas

from (place) to (place) - desde (lugar) hasta (lugar)

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She is asleep since yesterday

Ella está dormida desde ayer

from (time), since - desde. Note that desde means "since" when talking about time, and it means "from" when talking about space or distance

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It has been raining for three hours

Hace tres horas que está lloviendo

to have been __ for (time) -  hace (tiempo) que.  This is usually the preferred way of expressing duration in Spanish. The direct translation is more like: "It makes 3 hours that it is raining."

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It is nine at night

Son las nueve de la noche

night - la noche

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Is it noon in México?

¿Es mediodía en México?

noon - el mediodía

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It is midnight and the baby is awake. Tomorrow is not going to be a good day

Es medianoche y el bebé está despierto. Mañana no va a ser un buen día

midnight - la medianoche

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I always go out with my friends at night

Siempre salgo con mis amigos de noche

at night - de noche. Be careful not to confuse de noche ("at night") with anoche ("last night")

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Jaime is going to pass by my house

Jaime va a pasar por mi casa

to pass - pasar

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Time passes by very quickly

El tiempo pasa muy rápido

time - el tiempo. Note that tiempo is used when you want to talk about "time" as an entity, as in "Time goes by slowly". Hora is used when you mean a more specific period of time, as in "It is time to eat", Es hora de comer.

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You never arrive on time

Nunca llegas a tiempo

on time - a tiempo

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He is going to cook eight times this week

Va a cocinar ocho veces esta semana

time - la vez. Note that vez expresses repetition, which tiempo and hora cannot

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I sometimes go out at night

A veces salgo de noche

sometimes - a veces

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Jaime isn't going to go to the party, but I'm going anyway

Jaime no va a ir a la fiesta, pero yo voy a ir de todos modos

anyway - de todos modos

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You are going to go out with Sofia's boyfriend? Really?!

¿Vas a salir con el novio de Sofia? ¿En serio?

really? (to express shock or surprise) - ¿de veras?, ¿en serio?

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I like traveling from time to time

Me gusta viajar de vez en cuando

from time to time - de vez en cuando

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Do you know when they will arrive?

¿Sabes cuando van a llegar?

to arrive - llegar. Note that llegar is conjugated like any regular -ar ending verb

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Xavier and Alejandro will arrive in one hour

Xavier y Alejandro van a llegar en una hora

hour - una hora. Remember that hora means both "time" and "hour"