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Flashcards in Lesson 13 Deck (108)
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1

What is the preterite tense in Spanish?

The preterite is one of two past tenses in Spanish. It is associated with a single action that is terminated and complete, rather than an action that was ongoing for a period of time.

2
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I studied with my cousins

Estudié con mis primos

I studied - estudié

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Do you think that I studied last night? Because I didn't study

¿Piensas que estudié anoche? Porque no estudié

last night - anoche

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Rodrigo, did you study with your girlfriend?

Rodrigo, ¿estudiaste con tu novia?

you studied - estudiaste

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That is not true; María did not study with my sister. She studied with my cousin

Eso no es verdad; María no estudió con mi hermana. Estudió con mi primo

he/she studied - estudió

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Since Raquel did not study yesterday, she is scared to take the test today

Como Raquel no estudió ayer, entonces tiene miedo de tomar el examen hoy

yesterday - ayer

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What are you saying? We did study yesterday!

¿Qué dices? ¡Nosotros sí estudiamos ayer!

we studied - estudiamos

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You (vosotros) did not study last night

Vosotros no estudiasteis anoche

you (vosotros) studied - estudiasteis

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Maite and Ricardo studied for their art test

Maite y Ricardo estudiaron para su examen de arte

they, you (uds) studied - estudiaron

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TO STUDY (Preterite Tense)

  • I studied
  • You studied
  • He/She studied
  • We studied
  • You studied
  • They studied

ESTUDIAR (Tiempo Pretérito)

  • Yo estudié
  • Tú estudiaste
  • Él/Ella/Ud estudió
  • Nosotros estudiamos
  • Vosotros estudiasteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds estudiaron

11

What are the endings of regular - ar verbs (such as estudiar) conjugated in the preterite?

Regular Preterite -ar endings

  • -é (yo)
  • -aste (tú)
  • -ó (él, ella, usted)
  • -amos (nosotros)
  • -asteis (vosotros)
  • -aron (ellos, ellas)

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I did not learn anything this year. Did you?

No aprendí nada este año, ¿y tú?

I learned - aprendí. Note that is the regular preterite ending for both -er and -ir verbs in the first person singluar form (yo)

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Miguel, you didn't learn anything in this class

Miguel, tú no aprendiste nada en esta clase

you learned - aprendiste

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What did José learn from reading this book?

¿Qué aprendió José de leer este libro?

he/she learned - aprendió

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Monica and I learned to drive yesterday

Monica y yo aprendimos a conducir ayer

we learned - aprendimos

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Did you (vosotros) learn how to cook at home?

¿Aprendisteis a cocinar en casa?

you (vosotros) learned - aprendisteis

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They say that they didn't learn anything this year

Dicen que no aprendieron nada este año

they learned - aprendieron

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TO LEARN (Preterite Tense)

  • I learned
  • You learned
  • He/She learned
  • We learned
  • You learned
  • They learned

APRENDER (Tiempo pretérito)

  • Yo aprendí
  • Tú aprendiste
  • Él/Ella/Ud aprendió
  • Nosotros aprendimos
  • Vosotros aprendisteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds aprendieron

19

What are the endings of regular - er and -ir verbs (such as aprender) conjugated in the preterite?

Regular Preterite -er and -ir endings

  • -í (yo)
  • -iste (tú)
  • -ió (él, ella, usted)
  • -imos (nosotros)
  • -isteis (vosotros)
  • -ieron (ellos, ellas)

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This is the last dessert that we have

Este es el último postre que tenemos

last - último. Note that último can be used as both an adjective and as an adverb

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Did you learn anything last year?

¿Aprendiste algo el año pasado?

last year - el año pasado. Note that that you are literally saying "the year past". This would apply whenever you are talking about time that has gone by, such as a year, a month, or a week: el año pasado, el mes pasado, or la semana pasada

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I lived in Mexico last year

Yo viví en México el año pasado

I lived - viví. Note that vivir follows a regular -ir ending pattern of conjugation in the preterite

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Marcos, did you live in a big house?

Marcos, ¿viviste en una casa grande?

you lived - viviste

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Our professor lived in this building right here

Nuestro profesor vivió en este edificio aquí

he/she lived - vivió

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We never lived in Spain; we lived in Mexico

Nunca vivimos en España; vivimos en México

we lived - vivimos

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Alejandro says that you (vosotros) lived with your grandmother

Alejandro dice que vosotros vivisteis con vuestra abuela

you (vosotros) lived - vivisteis

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Did Pepe, Esperanza, and Xavier live there?

¿Vivieron allí Pepe, Esperanza y Xavier?

they lived - vivieron

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TO LIVE (Preterite Tense)

  • I lived
  • You lived
  • He/She lived
  • We lived
  • You lived
  • They lived

VIVIR (Tiempo Pretérito)

  • Yo viví
  • Tú viviste
  • Él/Ella/Ud vivió
  • Nosotros vivimos
  • Vosotros vivisteis
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds vivieron

Remember that the conjugation of regular -ir verbs in the preterite is the same as for -er verbs

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Maricarmen never cleaned the kitchen

Maricarmen nunca limpió la cocina

to clean - limpiar

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We watched a movie last night

Vimos una película anoche

movie - la película