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Flashcards in 2.5 Lesson Deck (57)
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1

What is the imperfect tense in Spanish?

The imperfect tense describes an action that could have occurred more than once over a span of time, with no specific beginning or ending.  Examples:

  • An unspecified amount of time --> De joven, quería un carro, "When I was young, I wanted a car"
  • An indefinite number of occurrences, such as a habit or custom --> Desayunaba todos los días con mi hermano, "I used to eat breakfast every day with my brother"

2
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I used to walk to school every day

Yo caminaba a la escuela todos los días

I used to walk - caminaba. Note that -ar verbs in the imperfect tense first person singular (yo) end in -aba

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Did you used to walk to Pepe's house every night?

¿Caminabas a la casa de Pepe todas las noches?

you used to walk - caminabas

4
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Marta used to walk every weekend until she hurt her leg

Marta caminaba todos los fines de semana hasta que se lastimó la pierna

he/she used to walk - caminaba

5
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We used to walk alone every day

Caminábamos solos todos los días

we used to walk - caminábamos

6
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You (vosotros) used to walk down this road every day

Vosotros caminabais por esta calle todos los días

you (vosotros) used to walk - caminabais

6
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Raúl and Rodrigo were walking on the street when I came out of my house

Raúl y Rodrigo estaban caminando en la calle cuando yo salí de mi casa

was/were + __ing - estar (imperfect) + participle. This combination is known as the imperfect progressive tense

7
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Esteban didn't realize that I was bathing when he entered the bathroom

Esteban no se dió cuenta de que me estaba bañando cuando él entró en el baño

to realize, to notice - darse cuenta (de). This literally means "to give oneself count of"

8
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TO WALK (Imperfect)

  • I used to walk
  • You used to walk
  • He/She used to walk
  • We used to walk
  • You used to walk
  • They used to walk

CAMINAR (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo caminaba
  • Tú caminabas
  • Él/Ella/Ud caminaba
  • Nosotros caminábamos
  • Vosotros caminabais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds caminaban

9

What are the endings of regular -ar verbs (such as caminar) conjugated in the Imperfect Tense?

Regular Imperfect -ar endings

  • -aba (yo)
  • -abas (tú)
  • -aba (él/ella/ud)
  • -ábamos (nosotros)
  • -abais (vosotros)
  • -aban (ellos/ellas/uds)

10
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I used to eat with my grandparents every weekend

Comía con mis abuelos todos los fines de semana

I used to eat - comíaComer is a regular -er verb in the imperfect

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You used to eat chicken with rice every Tuesday afternoon

Comías pollo con arroz todos los martes por la tarde

you used to eat - comías

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When Miguel was young, he used to eat an apple for lunch every day

De joven, Miguel comía una manzana de almuerzo todos los días

he/she used to eat - comía

13
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As kids, we didn't used to eat vegetables. We only used to eat fruits

De niños, no comíamos verduras. Sólo comíamos frutas

we used to eat - comíamos

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Rosa and Paloma used to eat together every day

Rosa y Paloma comían juntas todos los días

they used to eat - comían

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You (vosotros) used to eat chicken every Thursday

Vosotros comíais pollo todos los jueves

you (vosotros) used to eat - comíais

15
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TO EAT (Imperfect)

  • I ate
  • You ate
  • He/She ate
  • We ate
  • You ate
  • They ate

COMER (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo comía
  • Tú comías
  • Él/Ella/Ud comía
  • Nosotros comíamos
  • Vosotros comíais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds comían

16

What are the endings of regular -er and -ir verbs (such as comer and sentir) conjugated in the Imperfect Tense?

Regular Imperfect -er and -ir endings

  • -ía (yo)
  • -ías (tú)
  • -ía (él/ella/ud)
  • -íamos (nosotros)
  • -íais (vosotros)
  • -ían (ellos/ellas/uds)

17
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I feel sad when you don't talk to me

Yo me siento triste cuando tú no me hablas

to feel - sentir(se). Note that sentir(se) is conjugated like mentir in the present tense (e.g. "I feel" - Yo (me) siento)

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When I used to walk with you, I used to feel very tired

Cuando caminaba contigo, me sentía muy cansada

I used to feel - me sentía

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When I was with you, you used to feel happy

Cuando estaba contigo, te sentías feliz

you used to feel - te sentías

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Your mother used to feel tired when you didn't help her clean

Tu madre se sentía cansada cuando no le ayudabas a limpiar

he/she used to feel - se sentía

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We used to feel happy to go to your house every Wednesday

Nos sentíamos contentos de ir a tu casa todos los miércoles

we used to feel - nos sentíamos

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You (vosotros) were feeling embarrassed; that's why you didn't come

Vosotros os sentíais avergonzados; por eso no vinisteis

you (vosotros) used to feel - sentíais.  Note that the conjugation "were feeling" is translated in Spanish by the imperfect

23
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Do you know if they were feeling happy after she arrived?

¿Sabes si ellos se sentían contentos después de que ella llegó?

they used to feel - se sentían. Note the use of the imperfect se sentían in order to show how they were feeling and the preterite llegó to show one moment in time

24
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TO FEEL (Imperfect)

  • I used to feel
  • You used to feel
  • He/She used to feel
  • We used to feel
  • You used to feel
  • They used to feel

SENTIR(SE) (Tiempo Imperfecto)

  • Yo (me) sentía
  • Tú (te) sentías
  • Él/Ella/Ud (se) sentía
  • Nosotros (nos) sentíamos
  • Vosotros (os) sentíais
  • Ellos/Ellas/Uds (se) sentían

Note that -ir verbs are conjugated the same as -er verbs in the preterite tense

25

When do you use the preterite and the imperfect tenses?

Preterite:

  • An action that occurred once as a single event
  • An action that occurred a limited number of times
  • An action that was contained witihin a specific time frame

Imperfect:

  • An action that was customary or habitual in the past
  • An action that was ongoing
  • An action that was contained within a broad time frame

 

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That color is very pretty

Ese color es muy bonito

color - el color

27
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My brother has brown hair, but I don't

Mi hermano tiene el cabello de color castaño, pero yo no

brown - marrón, castaño, café. Note that the use of these words depends on the region

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I used to be very blonde as a child, but now I have brown hair

Yo era muy rubia de niña, pero ahora tengo el cabello de color castaño

I used to be - era. Note that ser is irregular in the imperfect tense