Lesson 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 16 Deck (69)
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I like your shoes

(A mí) me gustan tus zapatos

to like - gustar. Note that gustar agrees with the object that it describes, not with the subject. You can think of gustar as meaning "to please", in order to conjugate the verb correctly (e.g. "Your shoes please me").  Including the tonic or disjunctive pronoun (e.g. a mí) is optional

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They like soccer

(A ellos) les gusta el fútbol

Note that we must use the indefinite article el or la to describe liking a general topic. It is incorrect to just say les gusta fútbol

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I am going to put on my coat because it is cold out

Voy a ponerme mi abrigo porque hace frío afuera

coat - el abrigo

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Julia, I really like your boots. Where did you buy them?

Julia, me gustan mucho tus botas. ¿Dónde te las compraste?

boots - las botas

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What a nice blouse! Can I put it on?

¡Qué bonita blusa! ¿Me la puedo poner?

blouse - la blusa

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Juan really likes Rafael's shirt. Do you?

A Juan le gusta mucho la camisa de Rafael. Y ¿a ti?

shirt - la camisa

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Xavier always wears the same T-shirt to go running

Xavier siempre se pone la misma camiseta para salir a correr

T-shirt - la camiseta. Note that many countries have their own colloquial term for T-shirt besides camiseta

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You need to remove your shoes from my bed

Necesitas quitar tus zapatos de mi cama

to remove, to take off - quitar

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I am going to take off all of my clothes before taking a bath

Voy a quitarme toda la ropa antes de bañarme

to take off (clothes) - quitarse

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My grandfather doesn't like change

A mi abuelo no le gusta el cambio

change - el cambio

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What is the subject of this essay?

¿Cuál es el tema de este ensayo?

subject - el tema

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My essay about women's rights is on top of the table

Mi ensayo sobre los derechos de la mujer está sobre la mesa

about, on top of - sobre. Note that the preposition sobre means both "about" and "on top of". The noun el sobre actually means "envelope"

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They (uds.) are going to write about the following subjects

Van a escribir sobre los temas siguientes

the following (nouns) - los (nouns) siguientes

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I don't want to talk about his girlfriend anymore; we should change the subject

Ya no quiero hablar de su novia; hay que cambiar de tema

to change the subject - cambiar de tema

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I changed my mind

Cambié de idea

to change one´s mind - cambiar de idea

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Sara? She stayed in the restaurant

¿Sara? Se quedó en el restaurante

to stay, to be left - quedarse

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Where is the school?

¿(En) dónde queda la escuela?

to be (in a fixed location) - quedar. Note that we generally don´t use the verb estar to refer to fixed locations. The sentence ¿Dónde está la escuela? would imply that the school often changes location

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I have five oranges left

Me quedan cinco naranjas

to have left (remaining) - quedar. Quedar is used when parts have been taken from a whole. When conveying how much is left when aiming toward a goal, use faltar (e.g. When do you graduate? Me falta un año)

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These boots are very big on me

Estas botas me quedan muy grande

to fit - quedar (clothes). You can also use the word quedar to describe if something looks good or bad. (e.g. Esa camisa te queda bien)

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This blouse is too big; it is not going to fit me

Esta blusa está demasiada grande; no me va a quedar

too (much) - demasiado/a

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The belt is too big on you; why don't you buy another one?

El cinturón te queda demasiado grande; ¿porque no compras otro?

belt - el cinturón

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Can you lend me your coat? I don't have one

¿Me puedes prestar tu abrigo? No tengo uno

to lend - prestar

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I don't have a single sock left, do you?

No me queda un solo calcetín, ¿y a ti?

sock - el calcetín, la calceta, la media. The use of these words depends on the region

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These pants don't fit me anymore. If you like them, you can have them

Estos pantalones ya no me quedan. Si te gustan, los puedes tener

pants - el pantalón. Note that un pantalón translates roughtly as "pair of pants" while pantalones translates as "pants". Both are acceptable

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This pair of pants is too short on me

Este pantalón me queda demasiado corto

short - corto

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Marta doesn't like those pants; she thinks that they are too long

A Marta no le gustan esos pantalones; cree que están demasiado largos

long - largo. Note that when speaking of clothes, the difference between ser and estar becomes particularly blurred. Most Spanish speakers will use estar when speaking about clothing's attributes

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I really like the cut of this pair of pants. Do you?

Me gusta mucho el corte de este pantalón. ¿Y a ti?

cut - el corte

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I believe that Guillermo will have to go to court next Tuesday

Creo que Guillermo va a tener que ir a la corte el próximo martes

court - la corte

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These skirts are too short

Estas faldas están demasiado cortas

skirt - la falda

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Many women like to read about fashion

A muchas mujeres les gusta leer sobre la moda

fashion - la moda