Lesson 4/ Ancient Israelites Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 4/ Ancient Israelites Deck (26):
0

synagogue

jewish house of worship

1

Diaspora

the settling of jews outside of Israel

2

exile

forced to live away from a home country

3

Torah

the stories of Abraham, Moses, and the people of Exodus

4

Judaism

the religion of the jewish people

5

Ten Commandments

a set of 10 laws for responsible behavior

6

Exodus

the journey taken by the enslaved Israelites under the leadership of Moses from Egypt across the Red Sea, through the desert and back towards Canaan.

7

covenant

special agreement

8

monotheism

belief in one god.

9

Compare what Abraham believed to what others believed in Mesopotamia.

Most Mesopotamians believed there were many gods, but Moses believed there was only one god.

10

What 2 things did Abraham's religious beliefs cause him to do

1. he promised to be faithful
2. he gave Abraham's descendants the land of Canaan.

11

Abraham became known as the father of the...

the jewish people

12

Abraham was the father of the Arab people through is son...

Ishmael.

13

What caused the Exodus that Moses led?

A revolt against the people of Egypt.

14

Who was Israel's first king in 1020 B.C.

Saul

15

Which king of Israel built up Jerusalem.

.

16

The Ten Commandments are part of what 3 major religions

Judaism, Christianity, Islam

17

King David built up which city as his capital

Jerusalem

18

The 3rd king of Israel (who was known for his wisdom)

King Solomon

19

After Solomon, The southern part of Israel which was divided into 2 tribes was called

The Kingdom of Judah

20

Who defeated the kingdom of Judah in 721 BC

The Babylonians

21

In 539 BC, Babylonia was conquered by

The Persians

22

Who allowed the Judaeans to return to Judah

The Persians

23

Who conquered the Judaeans

The Romans

24

Who did the Romans order to leave Jerusalem in 130 AD

The Judaeans

25

What was the new name of land around Judaea after it was under Roman rule

Palestine