Flashcards in Lesson 5/The Phoenicians and the Lydians Deck (13):
A settlement separate from but under the control of a home country
the spreading of new ideas to other places
the exchange of one good or service for another
an economic system based on the use of money
The Phoenicians lived in the northwestern part of the Fertile Crescent had what skills
shipbuilding and were masters of navigation
How did the colonies over the Mediterranean region benefit other civilizations
It made trade easier with them
Where was the Phoenician colony of Carthage and why was it important
Carthage was located in northern Africa.
It was an important trading post between colonies.
How did the Phoenicians change and improve the alphabet?
They trimmed it down to 22 letters and each letter stood as one consonant sound. This made it easier for people to learn to write.
How did the use of the Phoenician alphabet change the lives of people in southwestern Asia?
It let the record trade knowledge of writing spread quickly throughout the colonies and to other Mediterranean cultures.
Which culture borrowed the Phoenician alphabet to make it their own?
Where did the Lydians live?
Northwest of Phoenicia. It is now known as Turkey.
What did the Lydians contribute to the civilization of southwestern Asia?
They made coined money. So they would not need to trade livestock.