Lesson 5/The Phoenicians and the Lydians Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 5/The Phoenicians and the Lydians Deck (13):
1

colony

A settlement separate from but under the control of a home country

2

cultural diffusion

the spreading of new ideas to other places

3

barter

the exchange of one good or service for another

4

money economy

an economic system based on the use of money

5

The Phoenicians lived in the northwestern part of the Fertile Crescent had what skills

shipbuilding and were masters of navigation

6

How did the colonies over the Mediterranean region benefit other civilizations

It made trade easier with them

7

Where was the Phoenician colony of Carthage and why was it important

Carthage was located in northern Africa.
It was an important trading post between colonies.

8

How did the Phoenicians change and improve the alphabet?

They trimmed it down to 22 letters and each letter stood as one consonant sound. This made it easier for people to learn to write.

9

How did the use of the Phoenician alphabet change the lives of people in southwestern Asia?

It let the record trade knowledge of writing spread quickly throughout the colonies and to other Mediterranean cultures.

10

Which culture borrowed the Phoenician alphabet to make it their own?

The Greeks

11

Where did the Lydians live?

Northwest of Phoenicia. It is now known as Turkey.

12

What did the Lydians contribute to the civilization of southwestern Asia?

They made coined money. So they would not need to trade livestock.

13

How did coin money change trade?

The use of money allowed traders to set prices for goods and services. So, society could develop a money economy.