LING 110 Ch 1: Introduction Flashcards Preview

Linguistics 110: Wonder of Words > LING 110 Ch 1: Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in LING 110 Ch 1: Introduction Deck (12)
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1

Why do language or words matter?

Give 6 reasons.

1. human language is unique
2. it plays a crucial role in cognition
3. it helps us deal with pathologies
4. it informs us about culture, religion, law
5. word choice has semiotic value, it's a sign
6. economics, business ... marketing

2

Give 3 possible sources of speech pathology.

1. concussions
2. stroke
3. traumas

3

Give an example of names that don't travel well.

Junk Chemicals
Pansy Men's Clothing
Polish chocolate bar Fart

4

Give an example of a successful name

Oracle

5

Where does "oracle" come from?

Latin, "oraculum / orare" "to speak"

6

What are the 3 themes of the course?

1. language change
2. structure
3. representation

7

1. language change:

give an example of new developments

- "social media"
- the use of the acronym "FYI" as a word

8

1. language change:

a.
b.
c.

a. language is constantly evolving
b. word shape changes over time
c. change is NOT random

9

2. structure:

a.
b.
c.

a. words have internal structure, i.e. morphemes
b. sometimes morphemes are easily identified
c. when words have been in the lexicon for a long time, structure can be obscured by changes e.g. "nest" "ni" + "st"

10

3. representation:

name an important point about representation and English orthography

- English orthography (spelling) is not a good representation system because several several different sounds are represented by the same letter

11

orthography = "orth-" + "graphein" or "ortho(s)" + "graphia"

"correct" + "to write"

12

what is etymology?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1. the history of a word
2. it traces the earliest recorded occurrence
3. it traces transmission among languages
4. it analyzes component parts
5. it identifies cognates