Lipids-EXAM 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lipids-EXAM 2 Deck (109)
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1

Lipids are a family of compounds including

fats, oils, phospholipids, sterols, and triglycerides

2

what is a lipid profile and what is included in it

results of a blood test revealing Total cholesterol, HDL and LDL cholesterol, Triglycerides

3

what lipids are most abundant

triglycerides

4

what composes about 95% of lipids

triglycerides

5

what is the backbone of triglycerides

glycerol

6

what does saturated mean

full of hydrogens

7

what does unsaturated mean

missing hydrogens

8

what are Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids

18-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids

9

what are triglycerides composed of

a glycerol backbone and three fatty acids

10

how are triglycerides formed

a series of condensation reactions

11

what are the 6 types of fat

saturated, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, hydrogenated fat, cis fats, and trans fats

12

all carbons must have __ bonds

4

13

a __ bond is the point of unsaturation

double

14

saturated fatty acids are fully loaded with

H

15

do saturated fatty acids have double bonds?

no

16

what are some examples of saturated fatty acids

butter, lard and palm and coconut oils

17

how many double bonds do monounsaturated fatty acids have

1

18

what oils are monounsaturated fats

olive, canola, and peanut

19

how many double bonds do polyunsaturated fatty acids have

2 or more

20

what are examples of linoleic acid

sunflower, safflower, cornea nd soybean oil

21

what are examples of linolenic acid

fish, flaxseed, soybean, canola, and walnut oil

22

what acid is an 18 carbon chain with 2 double bonds

linoleic acid

23

what acid is common in vegetable oils and meats

linoleic acids

24

what acid is essential to form omega 6 fatty acids

linoleum acid

25

only__ have cholesterol

animal products

26

what is the good fatty acid

linolenic

27

what are examples of linolenic fatty acids

soybeans, walnuts, canola, soybean oil

28

what fatty acid is essential to form omega 3 fatty acids which are essential to normal growth and development and may prevent/treat heart disease, hypertension, cancer, arthritis

linolenic

29

what are sources of Linolenic fatty acid

human milk, fish, and shellfish

30

what is the recommended intake of cholesterol

300mg