List 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in List 5 Deck (100)
1

calligrapher

n.
one who writes a beautiful calligraphy

2

callous

adj.
feeling no emotion or no sympathy for others

3

callow

adj.
lacking adult sophistication; immature

4

callus

n.
a thickening of or a hard thichened area on skin or bark

5

calorie

n.卡路里
the amount of heat required at a pressure of on atmosphere to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius that is equal to about 4.19 joules

6

calumniate

v.
to utter maliciously false statements, charges, or imputations about

7

camaraderie

n.
a spirit of friendly good fellowship

8

cameo

n.
a small piece of sculpture on a stone or shell cut in relief in one layer with another contrasting layer serving as background
A brief but dramatic appearance of a prominent actor, as in a single scene of motion picture

9

camouflage

n.
behavior or artifice designed to deceive or hide

10

canard

n.
a false or baseless, usually derogatory story, report or rumor

11

candidate

n.
one that aspires to or is nominated or qualified for an office, membership or award

12

candor

n.
unreserved, honest or sincere expression; forthrightness

13

cane

n.
A stick used as an aid in walking or carried as an accessory

14

canon

n.
a regulation or dogma decreed by a church council

15

canonize

v.
to treat as a sacred person, glorify, proclaim

16

canopy

n.
a cover (as of cloth) fixed or carried above a person of high rank or a sacred object, baldachin

17

canvas

n.
a piece of cloth backed or framed as a surface for a painting

18

canvass

v.
to seek orders or votes; solicit

19

canyon

n.
a deep narrow valley with steep sides and often with a stream flowing through it

20

capitulate

v.
to cease resisting; acquiesce

21

caprice

n.
a sudden, impulsive and seemingly unmotivated notion or action

22

captivate

vt.
to influence and dominate by some special charm, art or trait and with an irresistible appeal

23

careen

v.
to sway from side to side

24

carefree

adj.
free of worries and responsibilities

25

careworn

adj.
showing the effect of grief or anxiety

26

caricature

n.
exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics

27

carnal

adj.
bodily, corporeal

28

carouse

vi.
to drink liquor deeply or freely

29

carp

vi.
to find fault or complain querulously

30

cartographer

n.
one that makes maps

31

cast

n.
vt.
the set of actors in a dramatic production; to assign a certain role to (an actor)

32

castigate

v.
to subject to severe punishment, reproof or critism

33

catalyze

vt.催化
bring about; inspire

34

catastrophe

n.
a momentous tragic event ranging from extreme misfortune to utter overthrow or ruin

35

categorical

adj. 无条件的,绝对的
absolute, unqualified

36

catholic

adj.
comprehensive, universal; especially broad in sympathies, tastes or interests

37

caustic

adj.
marked by incisive sarcasm

38

cavalier

n.
a gallant or chivalrous man, especially one serving as escort to a woman of high social position; a gentleman

39

caveat

n.
a warning enjoining one from certain acts or practices

40

cavern

n.
cave; especially: one of large or indefinite extent

41

cavil

v.
to raise trivial and frivolous objection

42

cavort

vi.
to walk or move in a spirited manner; prance

43

cede

vt.
to yield or grant typically by treaty

44

celebrity

n.
the state of being celebrated

45

cement

n.
a binding element or agency: as a substance to make objects adhere to each other

46

censor

vt.
to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered objectionable

47

censorious

adj.
marked by or given to censure

48

censure

n.
v.
to find fault with and criticize as blameworthy

49

census

n.
a count of the population

50

centrifuge

n.离心机
a machine using centrifugal force for separating substance of different densities, for removing moisture, or for simulating gravitational effects

51

ceramic

n.
of, or relating to the manufacture of any product (as earthenware, porcelain or brick) make essentially from a nonmetallic mineral (as clay) by firing at a high temperature

52

ceremony

n.
a formal act or series of acts prescribed by ritual, protocol or convention

53

certitude

n.
the state of being or feeling certain

54

cessation

n.
a temporary or final ceasing (as of action); stop

55

chafe

v.
to annoy; vex

56

chaff

n.
the seed covering and other debris separated from the seed in threshing grain

57

chagrin

n.
disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment, or a failure

58

chameleon

n.变色龙
any of a family (chamaeleontidae) of chiefly arboreal old world lizards with prehensile tail, independently movable eyeballs and unusual ability to change the colour of the skin

59

champion

vt.
to act as militant supporter of; uphold, advocate

60

chaotic

adj.
a state of utter confusion
a confused mass or mixture

61

chaperone

n.
a person(as a matron) who for propriety accompanies one or more young unmarried women in public or in mixed company

62

charade

n.
a word represented in riddling verse or by picture, tableau or dramatic action

63

charisma

n.
a personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

64

charlatan

n.吹牛者,江湖骗子
a person who makes elaborate, fraudulent and often voluble claims to skill or knowledge; a quack or fraud

65

chary

adj.仔细的,谨慎的,吝啬的
discreetly cautious;as hesitant and vigilant about dangers and risks or slow to grant, accept or expend

66

chasm

n.
a deep cleft in the surface of a planet(as the earth); gorge

67

check

n.阻止,支票
to block the progress of

68

chef

n.
a skilled cook who manages the kitchen(as of a restaurant)

69

cherubic

adj.
innocent-looking usually chubby and rosy

70

chevron

n.肩章
a sleeve badge that usually consists of one or more chevron-shaped stripes that indicates the wearer's rank and service (as in the armed forces)

71

chiaroscuro

n.
the interplay or contrast of dissimilar qualities, pictorial representation in terms of light and shade without regard to colour

72

chicanery

n.
deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry; trickery

73

chide

v.
to voice disapproval to; reproach in a usually mild and constructive manner; scold

74

chip

n.
a small usually thin and flat piece(as of wood or stone) cut, struck or flaked off

75

chivalrous

adj.
marked by honour, generosity and courtesy

76

choleric

adj.
easily moved to often unreasonable or excessive anger; hot-tempered

77

chord

n.
three or more musical tones sounded simultaneously

78

choreography

n.
the composition and arrangement of dances especially for ballet

79

chorus

n.
a body of singers who perform choral compositions

80

chronic

adj.
always present or encountered especially: constantly vexing, weakening or troubling

81

chronological

adj.
of, relating to or arranged in or according to the order of time

82

churlish

adj.
marked by a lack of civility or graciousness; surly

83

cineast

n.(法)影迷
a film or movie enthusiast

84

cipher

n.
a method of transforming a text in order to conceal its meaning

85

circuitous

adj.
not being forthright or direct in language or action

86

circumference

n.
the perimeter of a circle

87

circumlocutory

adj.
the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea

88

circumscribe

vt.
to construct or be constructed around (a geometrical figure) so as to touch as many points as possible

89

circumspect

adj.
careful to consider all circumstance and possible consequences, prudent

90

circumvent

vt.
to manage to get around especially by ingenuity or stratagem

91

cistern

n.
an artificial reservoir (as an underground tank) for storing liquids and especially water(as rainwater)

92

civility

n.
courtesy, politeness

93

clairvoyant

adj.
unusually perceptive, discerning

94

clandestine

adj.
marked by, held in, or conducted with secrecy; surreptitious

95

clarion

n.
adj.
loud and clear

96

clarity

n.
the quality or state of being clear; lucidity

97

clasp

n.
a device (as a hook) for holding objects or parts together

98

claustrophobia

n.
abnormal dread of being in closed or narrow spaces

99

cleft

n.
a usually V-shaped indented formation: a hallow between ridges or protuberance

100

clement

adj.
inclined to be merciful; lenient