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Flashcards in List 1 Deck (100)
1

abacus

n.算盘
an instrument for performing calculations by sliding counters along rods or in groovs

1

abandon

vt.放任,放纵,放弃
to give(oneself) over unrestrainedly

2

abase

v.使谦卑,贬低,降低地位,威望或尊严
to lower in rank,prestige,or esteem

3

abbreviate

v.缩写,缩短,简化,简写成,缩写为

3

abash

vt.使害羞,使局促不安,使窘迫
to desroy the self-possession or self-condifence of; disconcert

3

abate

v.减轻,降低
to reduce in degree or intensity; moderate; to reduce in value or amount

4

abdicate

v.退位,辞职
to relinquish(as sovereign power) formally

4

aberrant

adj.脱离常规的,异常的,越轨的
deviation from the usual or natural type; atypical

5

abet

v.教唆,协助(犯罪)
to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose

5

abeyance

n.终止,搁置
temporary inactivity; suspension

6

abhor

vt.憎恶,痛恨
to regard with extreme repugnance

7

abiding

adj.永久的,持久的,不变的
to remain stable or fixed in a state

7

abject

adj.极可怜的,卑鄙的
cast down in spirit

8

adjure

v.发誓放弃,避免,公开放弃
to renounce upon oath

8

abnegate

v.使无效,放弃
not to allow yourself to have(something, esp. something which gives you pleasure) or to give it up

9

abolish

vt.废止,废除(法律,制度,习俗等)
to end the observance or effect of, annul

9

abolitionism

n.废奴主义,废除主义
priciplles or measures fostering abolitiones pecially of slavery

10

aboveboard

adj.光明正大的
be in a straight forward manner

10

abrasion

n.磨损
a wearing,grinding or rubbing away by friction

11

abridge

v.删减,缩短
to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of sense; condense

11

abscond

v.潜逃,避债
to depart secretly and hide onself

11

abrogate

v.废除(法令等);取消
to abolish by authoritative action; annul

12

absenteeism

n.旷工,旷课
habitual absence from work

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absolve

v.赦免,宣布免除
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt

13

abstemious

adj.有节制的,饮食有度的,节俭的
marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol

13

abstain

v.主动戒绝,自我抑制,禁绝,放弃
to refrain deliberately and often with ana effort of self denial from an action or practice

14

abstract

vt.摘要,提炼,抽象化
adj.抽象的,深奥的,无法理解的
having only intrinsic form with little or no attempt at pictorial representation or narrative content

15

abstruse

adj.奥妙的,深奥的
difficult to comprehend; recondite

15

abysmal

adj.深不可测的,无底的
immeasurably low or wretched

15

abuse

v.滥用,虐待,辱骂
to attack in words; revile

16

accede

v.同意,加入
to express approval or give consent ; give in to a request or demand

17

accelerate

v.加速,促进
to move faster; gain speed

17

accessory

adj.附属的,补充的,同谋的,副的
present in minor amount and not essential as a constituent

17

accessible

adj.易理解的,可进入的,易受影响的,可理解的
capable of being understood or appreciated

18

accidental

adj.意外的,偶然的,非主要的,附属的
occuring unexpectedly or by chance

19

acclimate

vt.使适应新气候或新环境
to adapt to a new temperature,altitude,climate enviroment or situation

19

accommodate

v.提供食宿给,使适应,调节,和解
to provide with something desired,needed or suited(as a helpful service, a loan, or lodgings)

19

accolade

n.推崇备至,赞扬
an expression of praise

20

accost

vt.向人搭话,勾引
to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way

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accrete

v.共生,附着,增加
accumulate

21

acerbity

n. 涩,酸,刻薄
sourness of taste,character or tone

21

accumulate

vi.积聚,堆积

22

achromatic

adj.无色的,
desinating color perceived to have zero saturaiton and therefore no hue,such as neutral grays, white or black

23

acme

n.顶点,极点
the highest point or stage

23

acquisition

n.获得
the act of acquiring

23

acquiesce

v.勉强同意,默许
to accept, comply or submit tacitly or passively

24

acre

n.英亩,地产,大片田地

25

acrid

adj.辛辣的,尖刻的
sharp and harsh or umpleasantly pungent in taste or odor; irritating

25

acrobat

n.杂技演员
to subject to anesthesia

25

acrimonious

adj.尖刻的,辛辣的,严厉的,剧烈的
caustic,bitting,or rancorous especially in feeling, language or manner

26

acumen

n.敏锐,聪明
keeness and depth of perception,discernment or discrimination especially in practical maters

27

ad-lib

adv.没有限制地,即兴地
without restraint or limit, to speak, sing or act without a script. saying whatever words come into one's mind

27

adapt

vt.使适应,改编
to make fit(as for a specific or new use or situation) often by modification

27

adamant

adj.固执的,不动摇的,坚硬的
unshakable or immovable especially in opposition; unyiedlding

28

addendum

n.附录,补遗
something added or to be added,especially s supplement to a book

29

addict

vt.使沉溺,使上瘾
n.入迷的人,有瘾的人
to devote or surrender(oneself) to something habitually or obsessively

29

adhesive

adj.带粘性的
n.粘合剂
a subtance, such as paste or cement, that provides or promotes adhesion

29

adherent

n.信徒,追随者,拥护者
one that adheres as a follower of a leader, party or profession

30

adjourn

vi.延期,休会,换地方
to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place

31

adjudicate

v.宣判,裁定
to settle judicially

31

admission

n.许可,入会费,承认
the act or process of admitting

31

adjunct

n.附属物,附件,助手
something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a part of it

32

admonish

v.训诫,警告,告诫
to express warning or disapproval to especiallly in a gentle, earnest or solicitous manner

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adore

vt.崇拜,热爱
to regard with loving admiration and devotion

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adulate

v.奉承
to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly

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adroit

adj.熟练的
having or showin skill, cleverness or resourcefulness in handling situations

34

adulterate

vt.掺假
to corrupt,debase or make impure by the addition of a foreign or inferior substance or element stickler

35

adumbrate

vt.画轮廓,隐约预示
to suggest or disclose partially

35

adversary

n.敌手,对手
one that contends with, opposes or resists; enemy

35

advent

n.到来,来临(尤指不寻常的,极为重要的人或事)
the coming of something

36

advert

vt.注意,留意
n.广告
to turn the mind or attention

37

advertise

vt.做广告,通知
to announce publicly especially by a printed notice or a broadcast

37

aerate

v.充气,让空气进入
to supply (the blood) with oxygen by respiration

37

advocate

vt.主张,提倡
to plead in favor of

38

aerial

adj.航空的,空气的,高耸的
of, relating to, or occuring in the air or atmosphere

39

aesthetic

n.美学
adj.美学的,审美的
a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art and taste and with the creation and appreciation of beauty

39

affected

adj.受到影响的,假装的
assumed artificially or falsely; pretended

39

affabel

adj.易于交谈的,和蔼的
characterized by ease and friednliness

40

affection

n.喜欢,情感,影响,疾病,倾向
tender attachment; fondness

41

affidavit

n.宣誓书
a sworn statement in writing made especially under oath or an affirmation before an authorized magistrate or officer

41

affinity

n.密切关系,吸引力,姻亲关系,亲和力
likeness based on relationship or causal connection

41

affiliate

v.使加入,接受为会员
to bring or receive into close connectin as a menber or branch

42

affix

v.粘上,贴上
to attach in any way; add, append or to fasten to such as, affix a signature to the document

43

affluent

adj.丰富的,富裕的
having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of material possessions

43

agape

n.目瞪口呆的
openmouthed

43

affront

vt.公开辱骂,冒犯,面对
to insult intentionally, especially openly

44

agenda

n.议程
a list or outline of things to be considered or done

45

aggrandize

vt,增加,夸大
to make appear great or greater, praise highly

45

aggregate

v.集合,合计,集合体
to collect or gather into a mass or whole

45

aggravate

vt.加重,恶化
to make worse, more serious, or more severe; intensify unpleasantly

46

aggressive

adj.好斗的敢作敢为的,有闯劲的,侵略性的
inclined to behave in a hostile fashion

47

aggrieve

vt.使委屈,使苦恼,侵害
to give pain or trouble to; distress

47

agony

n.苦恼,极大的痛苦
intense pain of mind or body; anguish, torture

47

agility

n.敏捷,灵活
the quality or state of being agilea

48

airtight

adj.密封的,不透气的
impermeable to air or nearly so

49

alacrity

n.敏捷,轻快,渴望
promptness in response; cheerful readiness

49

alchemy

n.炼金术,魔力
a medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to achieve the transmutation of the base metals into gold, the discovery of a universal cure for disease, and the discovery of a means of indefinitely prolonging life

49

albino

n.白化病者,白化变种
an organism exhibitin deficient pigmentaiton; albinism

50

alibi

n.托词,借口,辩解
an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment

51

align

v.定位,排成一行,结盟
to bring into line or alignment