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Flashcards in List 2 Deck (100)
1

allay

vt.使镇定,使缓和
to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity; alleviate

2

allegiance

n.忠诚,拥护
devotion or loyalty to a person, group or cause

3

alleviate

v.缓和,减轻
relieve, lessen

4

alliterate

v.压头韵
the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables

5

allowance

n.津贴,补助,宽容,允许
a share or portion allotted or granted

6

allude

vi.暗示,间接提到
to make indirect reference; broadly; refer

7

alluring

adj.吸引人的,诱惑的,迷人的
charming to entice by charm or attraction

8

aloft

adv.在空中,在高处,在上
at or toward the upper rigging

9

aloof

adj.冷淡的,孤零零的
removed or distant either physically or emotionally

10

alphabetical

adj.字母(表)的
arranged in the order of the letters of the alphabet

11

altruism

n.利他主义,不自私
unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others

12

amalgamate

v.合并,混合
to merge into a single body

13

amass

v.积聚,收集
to collect for oneself; accumulate

14

ambiguous

adj.含糊的,不明确的
doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness

15

amble

vi.漫步
to walk slowly or leisurely; stroll

16

ambrosial

adj.芬香的,特别美味的
suggestive of ambrosia; fragrant for delicious

17

ameliorate

vt.改善,改良,变好
to make better or more tolerable

18

amenable

adj.应服从的,有服从义务的,有责任的
responsive to advice, authority or suggestion; tractable

19

amenity

n.适意,温和,礼仪
something that conduces to comfort, convenience ot enjoyment

20

amiable

adj.亲切的,和蔼可亲的
being friendly, sociable and congenial

21

amicable

adj.友善的,和平的
characterized by friendly goodwill; peaceable

22

amnesia

n.(医)健忘症,记忆缺失
partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock, psychological disturbance, brain, injury or illness

23

amorphous

adj.无定形的,散漫的
having no definite form; shapeless

24

amphibian

n.两栖动物,水陆两用飞机,水陆两用车

25

amplify

vt.扩大,详述,使增幅

26

amplitude

n.广大,充足,振幅
the quality or state of being ample; fullness

27

amulet

n.护身符
a charm(as on ornament) often inscribed with a magic incantation or symbol to pretect the wearer against evil(as disease or withcraft) or to aid him

28

anaerobic

adj.厌氧的
n.厌氧微生物
living, active, occurring or existing in the obsence of free oxygen

29

analgesic

n.镇痛剂

30

analogy

n.类似,相似,类比,类推
resemblance to some particulars between things otherwise unlike; similarity;
comparison based on such resemblance

31

analysis

n.分析
separation of a whole into its component parts

32

anarchist

n.无政府主义者
one who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling power

33

anathema

n.诅咒,(宗教)革出教门
the denunciation fo something as accursed

34

ancestor

n.祖先,祖宗

35

ancillary

adj.补助的,副的
subordinate, subsidiary

36

anecdote

n.有趣的段故事,生平轶事

37

anemic

adj.贫血的,精神不振的,虚弱的
lacking force, vitality or spirit

38

anesthetic

n.麻醉剂,麻药

39

anhydrous

adj.无水的
free from water and especially water of crystallization

40

animation

n.活泼,生气,卡通制作
possessing or characterized by life; alive

41

animus

n.敌意,意图
a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will

42

annals

n.纪年表,年鉴,年报
a record of events arranged in yearly sequence

43

annex

n.附件,附加
something added to a document; appendix; supplement

44

annotate

v.注释,评注
to make or furnish critical or explanatory notes or comment

45

annoy

vt.使苦恼,使烦恼
to disturb or irritate especially by repeated acts

46

annul

v.宣告无效,取消
to declare or make legally invalid or void

47

anomalous

adj.不规则的,反常的

48

anonymous

adj.匿名的
not named or identified

49

antagonize

vt.使成敌人,敌对,反对
to incur or provoke the hostility of

50

antediluvian

adj.大洪水前的,上古的
made, evolved or developed a long time ago

51

anterior

adj.前面的,在前的
coming before in time or development

52

anthology

n.诗集,文选
a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or music

53

antic

adj.古怪的,笨拙的,奇特的,滑稽可笑的
characterized by clownish extravagance or obsurdity

54

anticipatory

adj.预想的,预期的
to give advance thought, discussion or treatment to

55

antidote

n.解毒剂,解药
a remedy to counteract the effects of poison

56

antipathy

n.憎恶,反感
settled aversion or dislike; distaste

57

antiseptic

n.杀菌剂,防腐剂
opposing sepsis, putrefaction or decay

58

anvil

n.铁砧
a heavy usually steel-force iron block on which metal is shaped

59

apathy

n.漠然,冷淡
lack of feeling or emotion; impassiveness

60

apex

n.顶点,最高点
the highest or culminating point

61

aphorism

n.格言
a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment; adage

62

apiary

n.养蜂场,蜂房
a place where bees are kept; especially : a collection of hives or colonies of bees kept fro their honey

63

aplomb

n.沉着,泰然,垂直
self-confident assurance; poise

64

apocalyptic

adj.预示灾祸的,启示的
forcasting he ultimate destiny of the world; prophetic

65

apologist

n.辩护士(尤指卫护基督教教义的辩护者)
one who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something

66

apophasis

n.(修)故抑其辞,以求婉达,表面否认要说或正说的话
allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned. as in I will not bring up my opponent's questionable financial dealings

67

apoplectic

adj.中风的,易怒的,狂怒的

68

apostasy

n.背教,变节,脱党
renunciation of a religious faith

69

apostrophe

n.书写中撇号(’)(表示省略或所有格)

70

apothecary

n.(古)(英方)药剂师,药商,药房
one who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes

71

appall

vt.使胆寒,使惊骇
to overcome with consternation, stock or dismay

72

apparel

vt.使穿衣,装饰
to put clothes on; dress

73

appeal

vi.请求,呼吁,上诉,吸引力,要求
to make an earnest request

74

appealing

adj.引起兴趣的,动人的,恳求的
having appeal; pleasing

75

appease

vt.安抚,缓和,平息,满足
to bring to a state of peace or quiet; calm

76

appellation

n.名称,称呼,命名
a name, title or designation

77

appendage

n.生物附件,附加物
a subordinate or derivative body part; especially : a limb or analogues part(as a seta)

78

appetite

n.食欲,欲望
an inherent craving

79

applause

n.鼓掌,喝彩,赞许
approval publicly expressed

80

applicable

adj.合适的,适用的
capable of being applied; having relevance

81

applicant

n.申请者,请求者
on who applies

82

appoint

vt.任命,指定,命令
to name officially

83

apposite

adj.适当的,恰当的
highly pretinent or appropriate; apt

84

appreciable

adj.可感知的,可评估的
capable of being preceived or measured

85

apprehension

n.理解,忧惧,逮捕
suspicion or fear especially of future evil; foreboding

86

approbation

n.认可,嘉许
commendation, praise

87

appropriate

adj.适当的
especially suitable or compatible; fitting

88

appropriate

v.盗用,挪用,私自占有或使用
to take or make use of without authority or right

89

approve

vt.赞同,核准,证实
to have or express a favorable opinion of

90

approximate

adj.大约的,近似的
nearly correct or exact

91

apropos

adj.恰当的,恰好的
being both relevant and oppotune

92

apt

adj.易于
unusually fitted or qualified; ready

93

aquarium

n.水族馆,养鱼池
a container(as glass tank) or an artificial pond in which living aquatic animals or plants are kept

94

aquatic

adj.水生的,水中的,水上的
growing or living in or frequenting water

95

aqueduct

n.高架渠,渡槽
a conduit for water

96

aquifer

n.含水土层
a water bearing stratum of permeable rock, sand or gravel

97

arable

adj.适于耕种的
fit for or used for the growing of crops

98

arachnid

n.节肢动物门蛛形纲动物
any of a class(arachnida) of arthropods comprising chiefly terrestrial invertebrates, including the spiders, scorpions, mites and ticks, and having a segmented body divided into two regions of which the anterior bears four pairs of legs but no a

99

arbor

n.树荫处,凉亭,(植)树,乔木
a shelter of vines or branches or of latticework covered with climbing shrubs or vines

100

arboreal

adj.树木的
of, relating to, or resembling a tree