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Flashcards in List 13 Deck (99)
1

forestry

n.林产,森林地,林学
the management of growing timber

2

foreword

n.前沿,序
prefactory comments(as for a book) especially when written by someone other than the author

3

forgery

n.伪造,伪造罪,伪造物
an act of forging; especially: the crime of falsely and fraudulently making or altering a document(as a check)

4

forgo

vt.作罢,放弃
to give up the enjoyment or advantage of; do without

5

formidable

adj.可怕的,困难的
causing fear; dread or apprehension

6

forthright

adj.直接的,立即的,直率的,坦白的
free from ambiguity or evasiveness; going straight to the point

7

fortify

vt.增强
to make strong: as to give physical strength, courage or endurance to

8

foster

vt.养育,抚育,抱(希望),鼓励,培养
to promote the growth or development of ; encourage

9

founder

vt.弄摔倒,弄跛,淹没,破坏
to become submerged; sink

10

fracture

n.破碎,骨折
rupture, tear

11

fragile

adj.易碎的

12

fraudulent

adj.欺诈的,不正的,不诚实的
characterized by, based on, or done by fraud; deceitful

13

freelancer

n.自由作家,自由记者
a person who pursues a profession without a long-term commitment to any one employer

14

frenzy

n.狂热
a violent mental or emotional aagitation

15

frequent

v.出入频繁,时常出没
to associate with, be in, or resort to often or habitually

16

fresco

n.壁画
the art of painting on freshly spread moistlime plaster with water based pigments

17

fret

v.使烦恼,使焦急,使腐蚀,使磨损
an agitation of mind; irritation

18

friable

adj.易碎的,
easily crumbled or pulverized

19

friction

n.摩擦,医疗摩擦,不和
the rubbing of one body against another

20

frieze

n.(在墙顶与天花板间起装饰作用的)横条,饰带

21

frigid

adj.寒冷的,性冷淡的
extremely cold

22

frivolous

adj.轻佻的,妄动的,琐碎的
in a silly or light-hearted way, rather than being serious and sensible
not useful and wastes time or money

23

frothy

adj.起泡的,多泡的,空洞的
gaily frivolous or light in content or treament; insubstantial

24

frowzy

adj.不整洁的,有臭味的,很闷的(frowsy)
having a slovenly or uncared-for appearance

25

frugal

adj.节俭的

26

frustrate

v.是挫败,使沮丧
to balk or defeat in an endeavor
to induce feelings of discouragement in

27

full-bodied

adj.味道浓郁的
imparting to the palate the general impression of subtantial weight and rich texture

28

fulminate

v.严厉谴责
to send forth censures or invectives

29

fungi

n.菌类,蘑菇

30

furnance

n.火炉,熔炉,磨练
an enclosed structure in which heat is produced

31

furor

n.激怒,狂热,激情
a general commotion; public disorder or uproar

32

furtive

adj.偷偷的,秘密的
done by stealth; surreptitious

33

fury

n.狂怒,狂暴,激烈,复仇女神
intense, disordered and often destructive rage

34

fussy

adj.为琐事担忧的,过分装饰的,繁琐的,爱挑剔的,难取悦的
calling for or requiring great attention to sometimes trivial details

35

fusty

adj.旧式的,霉臭的,陈腐的,古板的
satuated with dust and stale odorse; musty

36

futile

adj.琐屑的,无用的,无效的,(人)没有出息的
serving no useful purpose: completely ineffective

37

gadfly

n. 牛虻
a person who stiumulates or annoys especially by persistent criticism

38

gaffe

n.失言,失态
a social or diplomatic blunder

39

gainsay

v.否认

40

gait

n.步态,步法
a manner of walking or moving on foot

41

galaxy

n.银河,星系

42

gall

v.使烦恼,使焦躁,难堪
to fret and wear away by friction
chafe

43

gallant

adj.英勇的,豪侠的,堂皇的,壮丽的,对妇女献殷勤的
nobly chivalrous and often self-sacrificing

44

garble

v.曲解,篡改
to so alter or distort as to create a wrong impression or change the meaning

45

gamble

v.赌博

46

gargantuan

adj.巨大的,庞大的
of immense size, volume or capacity; gigantic

47

garish

adj.炫耀的,过分装饰的
clothed in vivid colors

48

garment

n.衣服,服装,衣着
an article of clothing

49

garnish

v.装饰
to quip with accessories; furnish

50

garrulous

adj.唠叨的,多话的
given to prosy,rambling or tedious loquacity: pointlessly or annoyingly talkative

51

gash

n.砍得很深的伤口,很深的裂缝
a deep long cut in flesh

52

gasification

n.汽化
conversion into gas; especially conversion of coal into natural gas

53

gauche

adj.笨拙的,粗鲁的,无礼的,不善交际的
lacking social experience or graec; also not tactful; crude

54

gaudy

adj.俗丽的
ostentatiously or tastelessly ornamented

55

gauge

n.标准规格,量针,容量
vt.精确计量,估计
a measurement (as of linear dimension) according to some standard or system

56

gear

n.齿轮,工具
a toothed wheel

57

generality

n.概论,一般性,大多数
the quality or state of being general

58

generosity

n.慷慨
the quality or fact of being generous
a generous act

59

genial

adj.和蔼的,亲切的,友善的
marked by or diffusing sympathy or friendliness

60

genteel

adj.有教养的,文雅的
free from vulgarity or redeness; polite

61

genuine

adj.真正的,真实的,诚恳的
actual, true

62

germane

adj.密切相关的
being at once relevant and appropriate; fitting

63

gesture

n.姿势,手势,姿态
a movement usually of the body or limbs that express or emphasizes an idea, sentiment or attitude

64

gibe

v.嘲笑
to deride or tease with taunting words

65

giddy

adj.眼花的,头晕的,轻率
lightheartedly silly; frivolous

66

glacier

n.冰河
a large body of ice mving slowly down a slope or valley or spreading outward on a land surface

67

glance

n.a quick or cursory look

68

glaze

n.釉,上光,光滑面
v.装玻璃,上釉,使表面光滑
to give a smooth glossy surface to

69

glib

adj.流利圆滑的,善辩的
marked by ease and fluency in speaking or writing often to the point of being insincere or deceitful

70

glisten

v.闪烁,闪耀
to give off a sparking or lustrous reflection of or as if of a moist or polished surface

71

glitch

n.干扰,误操作,小故障
a usually minor malfuntion

72

gloat

vi.满足的看,独自暗笑,贪婪的盯
to observe or think about something with triumphant and often malicious satisfaction, gratification or delight

73

gloomy

adj.阴沉的,昏暗的,忧郁的
low in spirits; melancholy

74

glorify

vt.赞美,美化,赞扬
to make glorious by bestowing honor, praise, or admiration

75

gloss

n.光彩,假象,注释
a brief explanation(as in the margin or between the lines of a text) of a difficult or obscure word or expression

76

glossary

n.字典,辞典,词汇表
a collection of textual glosses or of specialized terms with their meanings

77

glossy

adj.平滑的,有光泽的
having a surface luster or brightness

78

glower

n.怒视
to look or stare with sullen annoyance or anger

79

glut

n.大量,充斥,吃饱
an excessive quantity; oversupply

80

glutinous

adj.粘的,胶状的
having the quality of glue; gummy

81

glutton

n.贪吃者
one given habitually to greedy and voracious eating and drinking

82

goad

vt.用刺棒驱赶,激励,煽动,唆使
something that urges or stimualates into action; spur

83

gobble

vt.狼吞虎咽
to swallow or eat greedily

84

goggle

n.眼睛睁视,护目镜
to stare with wide or protuberant eyes

85

goldbrick

vi.诈病,偷懒
to shirk duty or reponsibility

86

gorge

vi.狼吞虎咽
overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself

87

gossamer

n.蛛丝,薄纱
adj.轻而薄的
something light, delicate or insubstantial

88

gourmet

n.美食家
a connoisseur of food and drink; broadly connoisseur

89

grandeur

n.庄严,伟大
the quality or state of being grand; magnificence

90

grandiloquent

adj.夸夸其谈的
be of a lofty, extravagantly colorful, pompous or bombastic style, manner, or quality especially in language

91

grandiose

adj.宏伟的,宏大的,堂皇的,铺张的
characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor or by absurb exaggeration

92

grandstand

v.哗众取宠的表演,正面看台
to play or act so as to impress onlookers

93

grant

vt.允许,承认,授予
to bestow or transfer formally specifically; to give the possession or title of by a deed

94

gratify

vt.使满足,使高兴
to be a source of or give pleasure or satisfaction to

95

grating

adj.刺耳的,恼人的
noisily, rasping, harsh

96

gratuitous

adj.无缘无故的,免费的
not involving a return benefit, compensation or consideration

97

grave

adj.庄重的,严肃的,重大的,低沉的
having a serious and dignified quality or demeanor

98

green

adj.未成熟的,新鲜的,精力旺盛的,无经验的,青春的
deficient in training, knowledge or experience
deficient in sophistication and savoir faire; naive
not fully qualified for or experienced in a particular function

99

galvanize

v.电镀,通电,激励
to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock