Flashcards in Logic, science & psych Deck (7)
What is logic?
the form of reason
What is a syllogism?
2 or more premises which, if true imply (deduce) a true conclusion
How is an argument valid?
How is an argument sound?
valid and premises are true
What is Modus Tollens?
form of argument central to science. Denying the consequent If P then Q, Not Q, Not P
What are these fallacies:
1. Circularity/petitio principii
2. Ad hominem
3. Ignorato Elenchi
1. Begging the question/assumes the things you're claiming to prove
2. Attacking arguer
3. Straw man argument- attacking an argument that wasn't actually made by opponent