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Flashcards in Logic, science & psych Deck (7)
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1

What is logic?

the form of reason

2

What is a syllogism?

2 or more premises which, if true imply (deduce) a true conclusion

3

How is an argument valid?

flows logically

4

How is an argument sound?

valid and premises are true

5

What is Modus Tollens?

form of argument central to science. Denying the consequent If P then Q, Not Q, Not P

6

What are these fallacies:
1. Circularity/petitio principii
2. Ad hominem
3. Ignorato Elenchi

1. Begging the question/assumes the things you're claiming to prove
2. Attacking arguer
3. Straw man argument- attacking an argument that wasn't actually made by opponent

7

What are inductive arguments?

Offer support for truth of conclusion, but don't strictly imply it. Conclusion contains more info than premises. All science appears to depend on induction.