Lower Limb Anatomy Extra Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lower Limb Anatomy Extra Deck (62):
1

What muscle(s) attach to the ischial tuberosity?

Hamstrings

2

What muscle(s) attach to the pecten pubis?

Pectineus muscle

3

What muscle(s) attach to the iliac fossa?

iliacus

4

What muscle(s) attach to the ASIS?

Sartorius

5

What muscle(s) attach to the anterior inferior iliac spine?

Rectus femoris

Attches to AIIS as well as a part just superior to the acetabulum

6

What muscle(s) attach to the greater trochanter?

Many of the gluteal muscles

7

What muscle(s) attach to the lesser trochanter?

Iliopsoas

8

What muscle(s) attach to the gluteal tuberosity?

Gluteus maximus

9

What ligament is found in the fovea on the head of the femur?

Ligament of the head of the femur

10

What line on the femur follows on from the gluteal tuberosity?

Linea aspira

11

Which condyle of the femur is much larger?

Medial condyle

12

What muscle(s) attach to the adductor tubercle of the femur?

Adductor magnus

13

where is the adductor tubercle located?

Distal femur just superior to the medial epicondyle

14

In the lateral epicondyle of the femur there is a groove. What structure slots into this groove?

Tendon of the popliteus

15

What connects the tibia and the fibula?

Interosseus membrane

16

What surface of the tibia is subcutaneous and felt quite easily?

Antero-medial

(shin bone)

17

What muscle(s) attach to the tibial tuberosity?

patellar ligament

18

How many tarsal bones are there?

7

19

How many carpal bones are in the hand?

8

20

What foot bone is the link between it and the leg?

the talus

21

What movements take place at the ankle joint?

During which movement is the joint most stable?

Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion

dorsiflexion

22

With which bones OF THE FOOT does the talus articulate with?

Navicular in front
Calcaneus behind

23

The calcaneus articulates with which bones?

Talus above
Cuboid anteriorly

24

Inversion and eversion of the foot occurs at which joint?

Subtalar = talocalcaneal joint

25

The navicular bone is sandwitched between which bones?

Talus and 3 cuniform bones

26

The navicular bone has a tuberosity on its lateral side.

What attaches to this?

Tibialis posterior

27

The tuberosity at the base of the 5th metatarsal has which muscle attach to it?

Fibularis (peroneus) brevis

This can be felt halfway along the lateral border of the foot

28

What muscle runs in the groove on the underside of the cuboid?

Tendon of the fibularis longus

29

Which muscles flex the hip joint from lateral to medial?

Sartorius
Iliopsoas
Pecineus

30

What are the attachments of the sartorius?

ASIS to medial surface of tibia

31

The iliopsoas attaches to what part of the femur?

Lesser trochanter

32

What are the actions of the pectineus?

Flexion and adduction of the hip

33

Psoas major arises from where?

Lumbar vertebrae

34

What is the action of the rectus femoris?

flexes the hip and extends the knee

35

The fibrous structure in which the patella is embeded in arises from the quadraceps femoris.

Above the patella what is this called?

Below the patella to the tibial tuberosity what is this called?

Patella tendon

Patellar ligament

36

What are the attachments of the gracillis?

Pubis to tibia

(inserts between the sartorius above and semitendinosis below) -> girl between two sailors

37

Adductor longus arises from where?

Pubis

38

What are the attachments of the adductor brevis?

Pubis to linea aspira

(brevis so shorter course)

39

What muscle usually covers the adductor brevis?

Pectineus

40

What are the two parts of the adductor magnus?

Hamstring part -> attaches to adductor tubercle
True adductor part -> attaches to linea aspira

41

What nerve innervated the gluteus maximus?

Inferior gluteal nerve

42

What 3 muscles abduct the hip joint?

What nerve supplies them?

Gluteus medius
Gluteus Medius
Tensor fascia lata

Superior gluteal nerve

43

What are the attachments of the piriformis?

Sacrum to the greater trochanter

44

The superior and inferior gluteal nerves are named in relation to what?

Superior gluteal nerve superior to piriformis

Inferior gluteal nerve inferior to piriformis

45

The obturator internus passes through which pelvic foramen?

Lesser sciatic foramen

46

Name the lateral rotators of the hip from superior to inferior

Piriformis
Superior gemellus
Obturator internus
Inferior gemellus
Quadratus femoris

47

The sciatic nerve lies on the quadratus femoris midway between which two bony markers?

Ischial tuberosity
greater trochanter

48

The hamstrings arise from where?

Ischial tuberosity

(short head of biceps actually comes from the femur)

49

What are the names of the hamstrings?

Semitendinosus
Long head of biceps femoris
Short head of biceps femoris
Semimembranosus (proximal part is membranous)

50

What nerve supplies the hamstrings?

Tibial portion of the sciatic nerve

51

Which muscle isnt really a hamstring?

Short head of biceps femoris

Doesnt actually cross the hip joint so has no action here like the others do

Also different nerve supply -> common fibular branch of the sciatic nerve

52

Name the muscles of the anterior compartment of the LEG from medial to lateral.

(medial to lateral in relation to the order they lie in at the ankle)

Tibialis anterior
Extensor digitorum longus

53

Where does the tibialis anterior insert?

Medial cuniform and base of the 1st metatarsal

54

What are the actions of the tibialis anterior?

Dorsiflexes
Inverts the foot

(supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot)

55

What are the actions of extensor digitorum longus?

Dorsiflexion
Extends the lateral 4 toes

56

What muscle lies just between the tibialis anterior and the extensor digitorum longus and is quite hard to see?

Tibialis anterior
extensor Hallucis longus
(dorsalis pedis Artery)
Extensor digitorum longus

(talkative husbands are (not) efficient)

57

Which muscle of the leg arises from the most inferior part of the EDL. It is not present in all individuals, and is considered by some texts as a part of the extensor digitorum longus?

Fibularis tertius (peroneus tertius)

58

What nerve supplies all the muscles of the anterior leg?

deep fibular nerve

59

What easily visible vein arises on the dorsum of the foot and passes anterior to the medial malleolus up the leg?

great saphenous vein

60

Most if the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg are supplied by which nerve?

Tibial nerve

61

The popliteus performs which action

Unlocks the knee

Lateral rotation of the fumur with the foot planted on the ground

62

What are the muscles of the posterior leg

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