Flashcards in Lower Limb Anatomy Extra Deck (62):
What muscle(s) attach to the ischial tuberosity?
What muscle(s) attach to the pecten pubis?
What muscle(s) attach to the iliac fossa?
What muscle(s) attach to the ASIS?
What muscle(s) attach to the anterior inferior iliac spine?
Attches to AIIS as well as a part just superior to the acetabulum
What muscle(s) attach to the greater trochanter?
Many of the gluteal muscles
What muscle(s) attach to the lesser trochanter?
What muscle(s) attach to the gluteal tuberosity?
What ligament is found in the fovea on the head of the femur?
Ligament of the head of the femur
What line on the femur follows on from the gluteal tuberosity?
Which condyle of the femur is much larger?
What muscle(s) attach to the adductor tubercle of the femur?
where is the adductor tubercle located?
Distal femur just superior to the medial epicondyle
In the lateral epicondyle of the femur there is a groove. What structure slots into this groove?
Tendon of the popliteus
What connects the tibia and the fibula?
What surface of the tibia is subcutaneous and felt quite easily?
What muscle(s) attach to the tibial tuberosity?
How many tarsal bones are there?
How many carpal bones are in the hand?
What foot bone is the link between it and the leg?
What movements take place at the ankle joint?
During which movement is the joint most stable?
Dorsiflexion and plantarflexion
With which bones OF THE FOOT does the talus articulate with?
Navicular in front
The calcaneus articulates with which bones?
Inversion and eversion of the foot occurs at which joint?
Subtalar = talocalcaneal joint
The navicular bone is sandwitched between which bones?
Talus and 3 cuniform bones
The navicular bone has a tuberosity on its lateral side.
What attaches to this?
The tuberosity at the base of the 5th metatarsal has which muscle attach to it?
Fibularis (peroneus) brevis
This can be felt halfway along the lateral border of the foot
What muscle runs in the groove on the underside of the cuboid?
Tendon of the fibularis longus
Which muscles flex the hip joint from lateral to medial?
What are the attachments of the sartorius?
ASIS to medial surface of tibia
The iliopsoas attaches to what part of the femur?
What are the actions of the pectineus?
Flexion and adduction of the hip
Psoas major arises from where?
What is the action of the rectus femoris?
flexes the hip and extends the knee
The fibrous structure in which the patella is embeded in arises from the quadraceps femoris.
Above the patella what is this called?
Below the patella to the tibial tuberosity what is this called?
What are the attachments of the gracillis?
Pubis to tibia
(inserts between the sartorius above and semitendinosis below) -> girl between two sailors
Adductor longus arises from where?
What are the attachments of the adductor brevis?
Pubis to linea aspira
(brevis so shorter course)
What muscle usually covers the adductor brevis?
What are the two parts of the adductor magnus?
Hamstring part -> attaches to adductor tubercle
True adductor part -> attaches to linea aspira
What nerve innervated the gluteus maximus?
Inferior gluteal nerve
What 3 muscles abduct the hip joint?
What nerve supplies them?
Tensor fascia lata
Superior gluteal nerve
What are the attachments of the piriformis?
Sacrum to the greater trochanter
The superior and inferior gluteal nerves are named in relation to what?
Superior gluteal nerve superior to piriformis
Inferior gluteal nerve inferior to piriformis
The obturator internus passes through which pelvic foramen?
Lesser sciatic foramen
Name the lateral rotators of the hip from superior to inferior
The sciatic nerve lies on the quadratus femoris midway between which two bony markers?
The hamstrings arise from where?
(short head of biceps actually comes from the femur)
What are the names of the hamstrings?
Long head of biceps femoris
Short head of biceps femoris
Semimembranosus (proximal part is membranous)
What nerve supplies the hamstrings?
Tibial portion of the sciatic nerve
Which muscle isnt really a hamstring?
Short head of biceps femoris
Doesnt actually cross the hip joint so has no action here like the others do
Also different nerve supply -> common fibular branch of the sciatic nerve
Name the muscles of the anterior compartment of the LEG from medial to lateral.
(medial to lateral in relation to the order they lie in at the ankle)
Extensor digitorum longus
Where does the tibialis anterior insert?
Medial cuniform and base of the 1st metatarsal
What are the actions of the tibialis anterior?
Inverts the foot
(supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot)
What are the actions of extensor digitorum longus?
Extends the lateral 4 toes
What muscle lies just between the tibialis anterior and the extensor digitorum longus and is quite hard to see?
extensor Hallucis longus
(dorsalis pedis Artery)
Extensor digitorum longus
(talkative husbands are (not) efficient)
Which muscle of the leg arises from the most inferior part of the EDL. It is not present in all individuals, and is considered by some texts as a part of the extensor digitorum longus?
Fibularis tertius (peroneus tertius)
What nerve supplies all the muscles of the anterior leg?
deep fibular nerve
What easily visible vein arises on the dorsum of the foot and passes anterior to the medial malleolus up the leg?
great saphenous vein
Most if the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg are supplied by which nerve?
The popliteus performs which action
Unlocks the knee
Lateral rotation of the fumur with the foot planted on the ground