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Biology 1201: Organisms and Diversity > lytic cycle > Flashcards

Flashcards in lytic cycle Deck (8)
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1

attachment

Capsid attached to the receptor
A virus binds to a specific host cell based on the host-specific match between virus surface molecules and host cell receptors.

2

Penetration

The host cell engulfs the virus or the virus injects its genome into the cytoplasm.

3

Biosynthesis

New viral components, including the capsid subunits, spikes, and copies of the genome, are synthesized using the host’s ribosomes, enzymes, transfer RNA (tRNA), and energy.

4

maturation

Viral components are assembled into new viruses.

5

release

New viruses exit the host cell through lysis or budding in order to infect new host cells.

6

lysogenic cycle

viruses do not immediately replicate after entry into the host cell

7

prophage

when a viral DNA becomes latent

8

latent

the virus remains dormant in the cell without replicating.