Magleby 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Magleby 7 Deck (55):
1

Local and judicial elections in most states are _____, which means that no political affiliation is indicated

Nonpartisan

2

In states wiht an _____, any voter, regardless of party, can participate in the primary of whichever party he or she chooses

Open primary

3

What kind of primary permitted voters to vote for a candidate of one party for one office and for a candidate from another party for another office

Blanket primary

4

During the 1830's and 1840's a new system was instituted in which delegates chosen directly by party members in towns and cities were assigned the task of selecting party candidates. They debated and adopted a platform, and built party spirit by celebrating noisily. This system is called a

Party convention

5

A parliamentary system usually has a head of state and a

Prime minister

6

Candidates are selected by their parties largely because of

Personal appeal

7

Within _____ of the ratification of the Constitution, political parties had emerged in America

Decade

8

When Andrew Jackson lost the election of 1824 he responded by

Engaging in Democratic party building activities

9

The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1913, marked the first time that the US Senators were

Popularly elected

10

The central issue on which the Republicans and Democrats disagreed in the New Deal era was the role the government should play in

Society

11

The supreme authority in both major parties is

National party convention

12

Members of congressional majority party always control

The chairships of all standing committees

13

Required by some states when one registers to vote, _____ is the act of declaring party affiliation

Party registration

14

Party registration is accomplished at the

State level

15

Party members who follow a particular candidate, and who see the party as the means to place their candidate in power, are termed

Candidate activists

16

When people abandon political parties to become Independents, it is called

Dealignment

17

With the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign reform Act in effect

Soft money contributions to national committees are banned

18

In 2002 all parties combined raised how much soft money?

500 million

19

The restriction of soft money led to a surge of what kind of contributions?

Individual

20

Television, radio, the Internet, and telephones have

Strengthen the role of candidates and lessened the role of parties

21

Reform in the Democratic Party included the institution of a system of

Proportionality

22

An election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins is called

Winner Take All

23

An electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official is known as

A single member district

24

All states EXCEPT __ and __ award all of their electoral college votes to the winner of the popular vote in their states

Maine, Nebraska

25

On how many elections has the winner of the popular vote NOT become president?

4

26

Figure 9-1 in your book demonstrates

A large majority of house seats are not competitive

27

In all of the midterm elections between 1934 and 1998

The party controlling the White House lost seats in the House of Reps

28

In which midterm elections did the presidents party gain seats?

1998, 2002

29

According to your text, the first step for would-be challengers in House elections is to

Collect financial contributions

30

The reelection rate of House incumbents

Is typically over 80%

31

Presidential primaries, particularly Republican primaries, have two main features- the actual voting for delegates pledged to a candidate and

A "beauty contest"

32

When states move their primary dates up in the calendar it is called

Front loading

33

The method of choosing delegates used by the state of Iowa is a

Caucus

34

The "America's Changing Face" box in this chapter shows that since 1968, delegates to the Democratic national Convention

Have included a higher percentage of women

35

Presidential candidates are officially nominated by

National party conventions

36

To be included in presidential debates, candidates must have an average of __% or higher in the five major polls identified by the Commission on Presidential Debates

15

37

Money spent on issue advocacy ads is

Unlimited

38

According to congressional scholar Gary Jacobson, the coattail effect is

"Erratic and usually modest"

39

In the 2010 election

Democrats lost seats in both the House and Senate

40

Ads that typically attack a candidate, but allow the sponsor to avoid disclosure and contribution limitations because the ads do not use electioneering language, such as "vote for" or "vote against' a specific candidate, are classified as

Issue advocacy

41

Money spent by individuals or groups NOT associated with candidates to elect or defeat candidates for office is known as

Independent expenditures

42

An alternate new primary system that might bring more coherence to the process and encourage more emphasis on issues of regional concern is

Regional primaries

43

Presidential candidates are officially nominated by

National party conventions

44

Money spent on issue advocacy ads is

Unlimited

45

Exclusive party systems

Control all policy making

46

Which of the following is not an outcome of interest aggregation?

The loss in authority of interest groups

47

Which of the following is NOT a trend in party aggregation?

The increase of ideology in party

48

Political parties are important interest aggregators in

Both democratic and non democratic systems

49

Interest aggregation in authoritarian party systems is constrained by all of the following EXCEPT

None of the above

50

All of the following statements concerning elections are true EXCEPT

Elections guarantee a democratic government

51

All of the following are true about "first past the post" systems EXCEPT

It is most often used in Europe

52

Conflictual party systems can lead to all of the following except

Uncontested policy

53

Institutions that aggregate interests include all of the following EXCEPT

Media sources

54

In multiparty systems, elections generally yield

Coalition governments

55

In authoritarian systems, interest aggregation

Take place within the ranks of the party