Terms: Forms of Government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Terms: Forms of Government Deck (35):
1

Government by the people

Democracy

2

People vote directly

Direct democracy

3

Representatives vote

Indirect democracy

4

Representative democracy protecting the rights of the individual

Liberal democracy

5

Although elections take place, citizens are cut off from knowledge about the activities of those who exercise power because they lack civil liberties

Illiberal democracy

6

Government by the wealthy

Plutocracy

7

Government by a small privileged class with hereditary rule

Aristocracy

8

Government by religious leaders

Theocracy

9

Corrupt government by those who seek personal gain and wealth at the expense of the governed

Kleptocracy

10

Government reliant on technical experts

Technocracy

11

Government by a few

Oligarchy

12

Government by a single person

Monarchy

13

Absence of government

Anarchy

14

Minimum standard of living

Socialism

15

Collective epiphany in which every person has equal value and shares everything

Theoretical communism

16

Totalitarian application of the communist notion

Modern communism

17

Regime that exalts the nation and race above the individual and that stands for an autocratic government

Fascism

18

Form of extreme nationalism

Jingoism

19

Collection of states with a central government where the central government has final say

Federal

20

Collection of states with a central government where the states have final say

Confederal

21

Most of all government power resides in the federal government

Unitary

22

People get together to speak; prime minister and cabinet; no separation of powers

Parliamentary

23

Form of government in which representatives are elected an these is no king or queen

Republicanism

24

Leader obtains power through elections and the government gets what it wants but does not run everything

Authoritarianism

25

Political system based on subordination of the individual to the states where there is struck control of all aspects of life

Totalitarianism

26

Belief in human equality

Egalitarianism

27

Person who rules with absolute authority, often in a brutal way

Dictator

28

Philosophy that holds that decision should be made according to the numerical majority

Majoritarianism

29

Philosophy that holds that decision should be made according to whoever receives the most votes

Pluralism

30

Rule by women

Matriarchy

31

Rule by men

Patriarchy

32

System that protects people and gives them what they need but does not give them any responsibility or the freedom of choice

Paternalism

33

Practice by which a country increases its power by conquering other territory

Imperialism

34

Influence or control over another country or group of people

Hegemony

35

Small country this is controlled or protected by a larger country

Protectorate