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Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (47):
1

Interest groups sometimes begin as

Social movements

2

What are people who share a common attitude toward an issue called when they join together to influence the government for specific ends?

Interest groups

3

A large body of people interested in a common issue, idea, or concern that is of continuing significance and who are willing to take action is called a

Social movement

4

Organized in 1912, the broadest business trade association is the

Chamber of Commerce

5

Nonprofit groups such as the Humane Society of the United States, that operate outside the institutions of government but often pursue public policy objectives and lobby governments are called

NGOs

6

Members of ideological groups often focus on

Single issues

7

This is an example of a trade association

National Association fo Realtors

8

__ started many consumer organizations, now known as the Public Interest Research Groups, that investigate and report on government action relating to consumer interests.

Ralph Nader

9

The "spread" of an interest group refers to

Whether its membership is concentrated or dispersed

10

"A day without Immigrants" featured over 600,000 people gathered to

Focus media attention on the important role immigrants play in the economy

11

This party was formed in the mid-1840s to work against the spread of slavery in the territories

Free Soil Party

12

Associations can gain a forum for their views by filling

Amicus Curie Briefs

13

What two important types of information do interest groups provide?

Political information and substantive information

14

Many people beileve that lobbyists have too much influence on government

Adding to legislative gridlock

15

The term lobbying was NOT generally used until around

Mid 19th century

16

A PAC is

The political arm of an interest group

17

The majority of PACs are related to what interest?

Corporate

18

Until 2004, interest groups could avoid the contribution limitation to political parties by contributing

Soft Money

19

Mass-membership organizations usually fail to mobilize their full membership in elections because

Too many cross pressures exist

20

If James Madison were to return today, what would surprise him regarding the factions of today?

both the deep investment of interest groups in the electoral process and the vast number of lobbyists in Washington

21

Former Senator Warren Rudman (R-N.H) said about lobbyist donations

"you can't be a part of this system without getting dirty"

22

According to your text, some groups are better __, allowing them a decided advantage over other groups

Organized and financed

23

The propensity of interest groups to support incumbents in elections increases the advantages of incumbency,

Which is often seen as undesirable

24

The US has sought to regulate interest groups by

Regulating lobbying

25

The most heavily unionized democracy is

Denmark

26

__ also allows people to communicate and organize rapidly in response to political events

The Internet

27

With table television came

Round the clock news coverage

28

Currently, circulation for daily newspapers is approximately one copy for every__ Americans

6

29

Candidates in the 1930s began to use the radio more because the media became more

Objective

30

The FCC is an independent regulatory commission charged with licensing what?

Radio stations

31

Who directly oversees the media's selection of news stories?

The media itself

32

The mass media's impact on most Americans is modified by their

Selecting perception

33

Bill O'Reilly is

Conservative

34

Calling public attention to certain issues, the media are partaking in

Agenda setting

35

Some critics argue the bias in the media comes from reporters being __ their subjects

Too friendly with

36

Campaign consultants help campaigns with all of the following EXCEPT
1. professional advice and service
2.image making
3. opinion polling
4. advertising strategies
5. selection of a candidate

Selection of candidate

37

Focus groups are

small groups who are asked questions about candidates and issues

38

The media's new form of a town meeting is

The Internet

39

Every political system has some way for citizens and social groups to express their needs and demands to government. This is the process of

Interest articulation

40

Institutional groups may include all of the following EXCEPT

Polish workers on strike

41

Associational groups may include all of the following EXCEPT

Saudi royal family

42

A society that is characterized by social and political interaction free of sate control or regulation is called a

Civil society

43

A corporatist interest group system is distinguished by

Systemic involvement of businesses or other interest groups in making and implementing policy

44

Individual access to the influential is normally

Legit but ineffective

45

Protest demonstrations are most effective when

They are organized

46

The concept of "relative deprivation" as developed by Ted Gurr is used to explain

frustration, discontent and anger that motivates social aggression.

47

Terrorism is least effective when confronted by

A united democratic leadership