Flashcards in Major Federal Laws Deck (9)
Equal Pay Act of 1963
Requires all employers covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act and others to provide equal pay for equal work, regardless of sex
Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964 (amended in 1972, 1991, 1994, and 2009)
Prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin; created the EEOC to enforce the provisions of Title VII.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (amended in 1986 and 1990)
Prohibits private and public employers from discriminating against people age 40 or older in any area of employment because of age; exceptions are permitted when age is a bona fide occupational qualification.
Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
Amended Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1964; strengthens the EEOC’s enforcement powers and extends coverage of Title VII to government employees, employees in higher education, and other employers and employees
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978
Broadens the definition of sex discrimination to include pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions; prohibits employers from discriminating against pregnant women in employment benefits if they are capable of performing their job duties.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (amended in 2008)
Prohibits discrimination in employment against people with physical or mental disabilities or the chronically ill; enjoins employers to make reasonable accommodation to the employment needs of the disabled; covers employers with 15 or more employees.
Civil Rights Act of 1991
Provides for compensatory and punitive damages and jury trials in cases involving intentional discrimination; requires employers to demonstrate that job practices are job-related and consistent with business necessity; extends coverage to U.S. citizens working for U.S. companies overseas.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 (amended in 1998, 2004, and 2008)
Protects the employment rights of individuals who enter the military for short periods of service.