Flashcards in MALARIA Deck (9)
Describe the ABCD approach to prevention
A-Awareness of risk
C-Check whether you need prevention tablets
What is 'casual prophylaxis'
targets liver stage, takes 7 days to develop continue for 7 days after leaving area
What is 'suppressive prophylaxis'
erythrocytic stage continue for 4 weeks after
How does Malarone work
what is in it?
Atovaquone and proguanil
prevents development of liver schizonts
works on erythrotic stage
effective against falciparum and some vivax
How does mefloquine work?
what is in it
suppressive prophylactic, effective against falciparum
not recommended if any CNS problems
How does doxycycline work?
prevents erythrotic stages, suppressive
100mg daily for 1-2 days before entering and 28 days after
What is black water syndrome
dark brown urine due to intravascular haemolysis, only falciparum, leads to acute renal failure.