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Flashcards in MALARIA Deck (9)
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1

Describe the ABCD approach to prevention

A-Awareness of risk
B-Bite prevention
C-Check whether you need prevention tablets
D-Diagnosis

2

What is 'casual prophylaxis'

targets liver stage, takes 7 days to develop continue for 7 days after leaving area

3

What is 'suppressive prophylaxis'

erythrocytic stage continue for 4 weeks after

4

How does Malarone work
what is in it?

Atovaquone and proguanil
prevents development of liver schizonts
casual prophylactic
works on erythrotic stage
effective against falciparum and some vivax

5

How does mefloquine work?
what is in it

Lariam
suppressive prophylactic, effective against falciparum
not recommended if any CNS problems

6

How does doxycycline work?

Vibramycin D
prevents erythrotic stages, suppressive
100mg daily for 1-2 days before entering and 28 days after

7

What is black water syndrome

dark brown urine due to intravascular haemolysis, only falciparum, leads to acute renal failure.

8

DALY equations

DALY=YLL+YLD
YLL=NXL
YLD+IXDWXL

9

Describe the 3 stages of the malaria elimination strategy

1) aggressive control in heartland
2) progressive elimination from endemic margins
3) research to bring forward new tools